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Heavy and light scalar leptoquarks in proton decay

Abstract : We list scalar leptoquarks that mediate proton decay via renormalizable couplings to the Standard Model fermions. We employ a general basis of baryon number violating operators to parameterize contributions of each leptoquark towards proton decay. This then sets the stage for investigation of bounds on the leptoquark couplings to fermions with respect to the most current Super Kamiokande results on proton stability. We quantify if, and when, it is necessary to have leptoquark masses close to a scale of grand unification in the realistic $SU(5)$ and flipped $SU(5)$ frameworks. The most conservative lower bounds on the leptoquark masses are then presented. We furthermore single out a leptoquark without phenomenologically dangerous tree-level exchanges that might explain discrepancy of the forward-backward asymmetries in $t \bar t$ production observed at Tevatron, if relatively light. The same state could also play significant role in explaining muon anomalous magnetic moment. We identify contributions of this leptoquark to dimension-six operators, mediated through a box diagram, and tree-level dimension-nine operators, that would destabilize proton if sizable leptoquark and diquark couplings were to be simultaneously present.
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http://hal.in2p3.fr/in2p3-00684810
Contributor : Nejc Kosnik <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 11:26:57 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 5:42:16 PM
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I. Dorsner, S. Fajfer, N. Kosnik. Heavy and light scalar leptoquarks in proton decay. Physical Review D, American Physical Society, 2012, 86, pp.015013. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevD.86.015013⟩. ⟨in2p3-00684810⟩

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