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Temperature and humidity dependence of air fluorescence yield measured by AIRFLY

Abstract : The fluorescence detection of ultra high energy cosmic rays requires a detailed knowledge of the fluorescence light emission from nitrogen molecules over a wide range of atmospheric parameters, corresponding to altitudes typical of the cosmic ray shower development in the atmosphere. We have studied the temperature and humidity dependence of the fluorescence light spectrum excited by MeV electrons in air. Results for the 313.6, 337.1, 353.7 and 391.4 nm bands are reported in this paper. We found that the temperature and humidity dependence of the quenching process changes the fluorescence yield by a sizeable amount (up to 20% for the temperature dependence in the 391.4 nm band) and its effect must be included for a precise estimation of the energy of ultra high energy cosmic rays.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 11, 2012 - 3:28:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 21, 2020 - 4:32:12 PM

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M. Ave, M. Bohacova, B. Buonomo, N.G. Busca, L. Cazon, et al.. Temperature and humidity dependence of air fluorescence yield measured by AIRFLY. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Elsevier, 2008, 597, pp.50-54. ⟨10.1016/J.NIMA.2008.08.050⟩. ⟨in2p3-00706780⟩

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