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1RXS J173021.5-055933: a cataclysmic variable with a fast-spinning magnetic white dwarf

Abstract : Aims:We present the first X-ray observations with the XMM-Newton and INTEGRAL satellites of the recently discovered cataclysmic variable 1RXS J173021.5-055933, together with simultaneous UV and coordinated optical photometry aiming at characterising its broad-band temporal and spectral properties and classifying this system as a magnetic one. Methods: We performed a timing analysis of the X-ray, UV, and optical light curves to identify and to study the energy dependence of the fast 128 s pulsation over a wide energy range. X-ray spectral analysis in the broad 0.2-100 keV X-ray range was performed to characterise the peculiar emission properties of this source. Results: We find that the X-ray light curve is dominated by the spin period of the accreting white dwarf in contrast to the far-UV range, which turns out to be unmodulated at a 3σ level. Near-UV and optical pulses are instead detected at twice the spin frequency. We identify the contributions from two accreting poles that imply a moderately inclined dipole field allowing, one pole to dominate at energies at least up to 10 keV, and a secondary that instead is negligible above 5 keV. X-ray spectral analysis reveals the presence of multiple emission components consisting of optically thin plasma with temperatures ranging from 0.17 keV to 60 keV and a hot blackbody at ~90 eV. The spectrum is also strongly affected by peculiar absorption components consisting of two high-density (~3 × 1021~cm-2 and 2 × 1023~cm-2) intervening columns, plus a warm absorber. The last is detected from an OVII absorption edge at 0.74 keV, which suggests that photoionization of pre-shock material is also occurring in this system. Conclusions: The observed properties indicate that the accretor in 1RXS J173021.5-055933 is a white dwarf with a likely weak magnetic field, thus confirming this cataclysmic variable as an intermediate polar (IP) with one of the most extreme spin-to-orbit period ratios. This system also joins the small group of IPs showing a soft X-ray reprocessed component, suggesting that this characteristics is not uncommon in these systems. Based on observations obtained with XMM-Newton and INTEGRAL, ESA science missions with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States and NASA.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 26, 2012 - 5:03:35 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 21, 2020 - 4:32:13 PM

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D. de Martino, G. Matt, K. Mukai, J.-M. Bonnet-Bidaud, M. Falanga, et al.. 1RXS J173021.5-055933: a cataclysmic variable with a fast-spinning magnetic white dwarf. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2008, 481, pp.149-159. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361:20078368⟩. ⟨in2p3-00712262⟩

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