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Planck Intermediate Results. IX. Detection of the Galactic haze with Planck

P.A.R. Ade N. Aghanim M. Arnaud M. Ashdown F. Atrio-Barandela J. Aumont C. Baccigalupi A. Balbi A. J. Banday R. B. Barreiro J.G. Bartlett 1 E. Battaner K. Benabed A. Benoît 2 J. -P. Bernard M. Bersanelli A. Bonaldi J. R. Bond J. Borrill F. R. Bouchet C. Burigana P. Cabella J.-F. Cardoso 3 L. Cayón R. -R. Chary L. -Y Chiang P. R. Christensen D. L. Clements L. P. L. Colombo A. Coulais B. P. Crill F. Cuttaia L. Danese O. d'Arcangelo R. J. Davis P. de Bernardis G. de Gasperis A. de Rosa G. de Zotti J. Delabrouille 4 C. Dickinson J. M. Diego G. Dobler H. Dole S. Donzelli O. Doré U. Dörl M. Douspis X. Dupac G. Efstathiou T. A. Enßlin H. K. Eriksen F. Finelli O. Forni M. Frailis E. Franceschi S. Galeotta K. Ganga 1 M. Giard G. Giardino J. González-Nuevo K. M. Górski S. Gratton A. Gregorio A. Gruppuso F. K. Hansen D. Harrison G. Helou S. Henrot-Versillé 5 C. Hernández-Monteagudo S. R. Hildebrandt E. Hivon M. Hobson W. A. Holmes A. Hornstrup W. Hovest K. M. Huffenberger T. R. Jaffe T. Jagemann W. C. Jones M. Juvela E. Keihänen J. Knoche L. Knox M. Kunz H. Kurki-Suonio Guilaine Lagache A. Lähteenmäki J. -M. Lamarre A. Lasenby C. R. Lawrence S. Leach R. Leonardi P. B. Lilje M. Linden-Vørnle M. López-Caniego P. M. Lubin B. Maffei D. Maino N. Mandolesi M. Maris P. G. Martin E. Martínez-González S. Masi M. Massardi S. Matarrese F. Matthai P. Mazzotta P. R. Meinhold A. Melchiorri L. Mendes A. Mennella Subhabrata Mitra M. -A. Miville-Deschênes A. Moneti L. Montier G. Morgante D. Munshi J. A. Murphy P. Naselsky P. Natoli H. U. Nørgaard-Nielsen F. Noviello S. Osborne F. Pajot R. Paladini D. Paoletti B. Partridge T. J. Pearson O. Perdereau 5 F. Perrotta F. Piacentini M. Piat 4 E. Pierpaoli D. Pietrobon Stéphane Plaszczynski 5 E. Pointecouteau G. Polenta N. Ponthieu L. Popa T. Poutanen G. W. Pratt S. Prunet J. -L. Puget J. P. Rachen R. Rebolo M. Reinecke S. Ricciardi T. Riller G. Rocha C. Rosset 4 J. A. Rubiño-Martín B. Rusholme M. Sandri G. Savini B. M. Schaefer D. Scott G.F. Smoot 1 F. Stivoli R. Sudiwala A. -S. Suur-Uski J. -F. Sygnet J. A. Tauber L. Terenzi L. Toffolatti M. Tomasi M. Tristram 5 M. Türler G. Umana L. Valenziano B. van Tent P. Vielva F. Villa N. Vittorio L. A. Wade B. D. Wandelt M. White D. Yvon A. Zacchei A. Zonca A. Catalano 6 J.F. Macias Perez 6 C. Renault 6
1 APC - Cosmologie
APC (UMR_7164) - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
3 APC-Gravitation - APC - Gravitation
APC (UMR_7164) - AstroParticule et Cosmologie, AEI - Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik ( Albert-Einstein-Institut )
Abstract : Using precise full-sky observations from Planck, and applying several methods of component separation, we identify and characterize the emission from the Galactic "haze" at microwave wavelengths. The haze is a distinct component of diffuse Galactic emission, roughly centered on the Galactic centre, and extends to |b| ~35 deg in Galactic latitude and |l| ~15 deg in longitude. By combining the Planck data with observations from the WMAP we are able to determine the spectrum of this emission to high accuracy, unhindered by the large systematic biases present in previous analyses. The derived spectrum is consistent with power-law emission with a spectral index of -2.55 +/- 0.05, thus excluding free-free emission as the source and instead favouring hard-spectrum synchrotron radiation from an electron population with a spectrum (number density per energy) dN/dE ~ E^-2.1. At Galactic latitudes |b|<30 deg, the microwave haze morphology is consistent with that of the Fermi gamma-ray "haze" or "bubbles," indicating that we have a multi-wavelength view of a distinct component of our Galaxy. Given both the very hard spectrum and the extended nature of the emission, it is highly unlikely that the haze electrons result from supernova shocks in the Galactic disk. Instead, a new mechanism for cosmic-ray acceleration in the centre of our Galaxy is implied.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 20, 2013 - 6:51:22 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 30, 2020 - 8:24:02 AM

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P.A.R. Ade, N. Aghanim, M. Arnaud, M. Ashdown, F. Atrio-Barandela, et al.. Planck Intermediate Results. IX. Detection of the Galactic haze with Planck. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2013, 554, pp.A139. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201220271⟩. ⟨in2p3-00803018⟩

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