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Relativistic Langevin Dynamics in Expanding Media

Abstract : We study the consequences of different realizations of diffusion processes in relativistic Langevin simulations. We elaborate on the Ito-Stratonovich dilemma by showing how microscopically calculated transport coefficients as obtained from a Boltzmann/Fokker-Planck equation can be implemented to lead to an unambiguous realization of the Langevin process. Pertinent examples within the pre-point (Ito) and post-point (Hänggi-Klimontovich) Langevin prescriptions are worked out explicitly. Deviations from this implementation are shown to generate variants of the Boltzmann distribution as the stationary (equilibrium) solutions. Finally, we explicitly verify how the Lorentz invariance of the Langevin process is maintained in the presence of an expanding medium, including the case of an "elliptic flow" transmitted to a Brownian test particle. This is particularly relevant for using heavy-flavor diffusion as a quantitative tool to diagnose transport properties of QCD matter as created in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 19, 2013 - 4:07:35 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 21, 2020 - 10:29:58 AM

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Min He, H. van Hees, Pol-Bernard Gossiaux, Rainer J. Fries, R. Rapp. Relativistic Langevin Dynamics in Expanding Media. Physical Review E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American Physical Society, 2013, 88, pp.032138. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevE.88.032138⟩. ⟨in2p3-00835777⟩



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