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Formation of superheavy elements in the capture of very heavy ions at high excitation energies

Abstract : The potential barriers governing the reactions 58Fe+244Pu, 238U+64Ni, and 238U+72Ge have been determined from a liquid-drop model taking into account the proximity energy, shell energies, rotational energy, and deformation of the incoming nuclei in the quasimolecular shape valley. Double-humped potential barriers appear in these entrance channels. The external saddle-point corresponds to two touching ellipsoidal nuclei when the shell and pairing effects are taken into account, while the inner barrier is due to the shell effects at the vicinity of the spherical shape of the composite system. Between them, a large potential pocket exists and persists at very high angular momenta allowing the capture of very heavy ions at high excitation energies.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 24, 2013 - 11:25:03 AM
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G. Royer. Formation of superheavy elements in the capture of very heavy ions at high excitation energies. Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2013, 87, pp.057601. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevC.87.057601⟩. ⟨in2p3-00837728⟩

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