Implementation of an imaging spectrometer for localization and identification of radioactive sources

Abstract : Spatial localization of radioactive sources is currently a main issue interesting nuclear industry as well as homeland security applications, and can be achieved using gamma cameras. For several years, CEA LIST has been designing a new system, called GAMPIX, with improved sensitivity, portability and ease of use. The main remaining limitation is the lack of spectrometric information, preventing radioactive materials identification. This article describes the development of an imaging spectrometer based on the GAMPIX technology. Experimental tests have been carried out according to both spectrometric methods enabled by the pixelated Timepix readout chip used in the GAMPIX gamma camera. The first method is based on the size of the impacts produced by a gamma-ray energy deposition in the detection matrix. The second one uses the Time over Threshold (ToT) mode of the Timepix chip and deals with time spent by pulses generated by charge preamplifiers over a user-specified threshold. Both energy resolution and sensitivity studies proved the superiority of the ToT approach that will consequently be further explored. Energy calibration, tests of several pixel sizes and use of the Medipix3 readout chip are tracks to improve performances of the newly implemented imaging spectrometer.
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Hermine Lemaire, Khalil Amgarou, Roger Abou Khalil, Jean-Claude Angélique, Florent Bonnet, et al.. Implementation of an imaging spectrometer for localization and identification of radioactive sources. ANIMMA 2013 - Avancements in Nuclear Instrumentation Measurement Methods and their applications, Jun 2013, Marseille, France. pp.6727912, ⟨10.1109/ANIMMA.2013.6727912⟩. ⟨in2p3-00840026⟩

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