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He and Cr effects on radiation damage formation in ion-irradiated pure iron and Fe-5.40 wt.% Cr: A transmission electron microscopy study

D. Brimbal 1 E. Meslin 2 J. Henry 1 B. Decamps 3 A. Barbu 2
1 LA2M - Laboratoire d'Analyse Microstructurale des Matériaux
SRMA - Service des Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées : DEN/DMN/SRMA
3 CSNSM PCI
CSNSM - Centre de Spectrométrie Nucléaire et de Spectrométrie de Masse
Abstract : The first walls of future fusion reactors will be exposed to 14 MeV neutron irradiation. In order to gain insight into their radiation resistance, model materials (a high purity iron and a Fe-5.40 wt.% Cr alloy) have been ion-irradiated in the JANNuS facility to high doses with and without helium. The materials were self-ion-irradiated at 500 degrees C up to similar to 100 displacements per atom (dpa) with gas implantation rates equal to 0, 2.5 and 25 appm He dpa(-1). He and Cr effects on the radiation damage formation have been studied at the microscopic scale by transmission electron microscopy. In pure Fe, a coarse dislocation network was observed after irradiation, irrespective of helium implantation rate. Concerning the V-containing features (nanobubbles or cavities), few large cavities were observed in pure iron irradiated without helium. The main effect of helium implantation was to increase their density and diminish their size. The main effect of chromium was to reduce the swelling for all the He implantation rates. Furthermore, in both materials, the cavity formation was mainly heterogeneous. (C) 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 21, 2013 - 11:59:06 AM
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D. Brimbal, E. Meslin, J. Henry, B. Decamps, A. Barbu. He and Cr effects on radiation damage formation in ion-irradiated pure iron and Fe-5.40 wt.% Cr: A transmission electron microscopy study. Acta Materialia, Elsevier, 2013, 61, pp.4757-4764. ⟨10.1016/j.actamat.2013.04.070⟩. ⟨in2p3-00852715⟩

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