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Nuclear Masses and Neutron Stars

S. Kreim M. Hempel 1 D. Lunney 2 J. Schaffner-Bielich 1
2 CSNSM SNO
CSNSM - Centre de Spectrométrie Nucléaire et de Spectrométrie de Masse, CSNSM - Centre de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière : UMR8609
Abstract : Precision mass spectrometry of neutron-rich nuclei is of great relevance for astrophysics. Masses of exotic nuclides impose constraints on models for the nuclear interaction and thus affect the description of the equation of state of nuclear matter, which can be extended to describe neutron-star matter. With knowledge of the masses of nuclides near shell closures, one can also derive the neutron-star crustal composition. The Penning-trap mass spectrometer ISOLTRAP at CERN-ISOLDE has recently achieved a breakthrough measuring the mass of 82Zn, which allowed constraining neutron-star crust composition to deeper layers (Wolf et al., PRL 110, 2013). We perform a more detailed study on the sequence of nuclei in the outer crust of neutron stars with input from different nuclear models to illustrate the sensitivity to masses and the robustness of neutron-star models. The dominant role of the N=50 and N=82 closed neutron shells for the crustal composition is confirmed.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 28, 2013 - 5:27:56 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 5:42:13 PM

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S. Kreim, M. Hempel, D. Lunney, J. Schaffner-Bielich. Nuclear Masses and Neutron Stars. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, Elsevier, 2013, article in press, ⟨10.1016/j.ijms.2013.02.015⟩. ⟨in2p3-00854514⟩

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