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Large mirror surface control by corrective coating

Abstract : The Advanced Virgo gravitational wave detector aims at a sensitivity ten times better than the initial LIGO and Virgo detectors. This implies very stringent requirement on the optical losses in the interferometer arm cavities. In this paper we focus on the mirrors which form the interferometer arm cavities and that require a surface figure error to be well below one nanometre on a diameter of 150 mm. This 'sub-nanometric flatness' is not achievable by classical polishing on such a large diameter. Therefore we present the corrective coating technique which has been developed to reach this requirement. Its principle is to add a non-uniform thin film on top of the substrate in order to flatten its surface. In this paper we will introduce the Advanced Virgo requirements and present the basic principle of the corrective coating technique. Then we show the results obtained experimentally on an initial Virgo substrate. Finally we provide an evaluation of the round-trip losses in the Fabry-Perot arm cavities once the corrected surface is used.
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Contributor : Claudine Bombar <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 30, 2013 - 11:27:16 AM
Last modification on : Friday, November 6, 2020 - 3:28:41 AM

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R. Bonnand, J. Degallaix, R. Flaminio, L. Giacobone, B. Lagrange, et al.. Large mirror surface control by corrective coating. Classical and Quantum Gravity, IOP Publishing, 2013, 30, pp.155014. ⟨10.1088/0264-9381/30/15/155014⟩. ⟨in2p3-00855949⟩

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