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Tests of Micro-Pattern Gaseous Detectors for Active Target Time Projection Chambers in nuclear physics

Abstract : Active target detection systems, where the gas used as the detection medium is also a target for nuclear reactions, have been used for a wide variety of nuclear physics applications since the eighties. Improvements in Micro-Pattern Gaseous Detectors (MPGDs) and in micro-electronics achieved in the last decade permit the development of a new generation of active targets with higher granularity pad planes that allow spatial and time information to be determined with unprecedented accuracy. A novel active target and time projection chamber (ACTAR TPC), that will be used to study reactions and decays of exotic nuclei at facilities such as SPIRAL2, is presently under development and will be based on MPGD technology. Several MPGDs (Micromegas and Thick GEM) coupled to a 2×2 mm2 pixelated pad plane have been tested and their performances have been determined with different gases over a wide range of pressures. Of particular interest for nuclear physics experiments are the angular and energy resolutions. The angular resolution has been determined to be better than 1° FWHM for short traces of about 4 cm in length and the energy resolution deduced from the particle range was found to be better than 5% for 5.5 MeV α particles. These performances have been compared to Geant4 simulations. These experimental results validate the use of these detectors for several applications in nuclear physics.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 11, 2013 - 9:45:39 AM
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J. Pancin, S. Damoy, D. Perez-Loureiro, V. Chambert, F. Dorangeville, et al.. Tests of Micro-Pattern Gaseous Detectors for Active Target Time Projection Chambers in nuclear physics. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Elsevier, 2014, 735, pp.532-540. ⟨10.1016/j.nima.2013.09.068⟩. ⟨in2p3-00871956⟩

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