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Spurious finite-size instabilities in nuclear energy density functionals

Abstract : It is known that some well-established parametrizations of the EDF do not always provide converged results for nuclei and a qualitative link between this finding and the appearance of finite-size instabilities of SNM near saturation density when computed within the RPA has been pointed out. We seek for a quantitative and systematic connection between the impossibility to converge self-consistent calculations of nuclei and the occurrence of finite-size instabilities in SNM for the example of scalar-isovector (S=0, T=1) instabilities of the standard Skyrme EDF. We aim to establish a stability criterion based on computationally-friendly RPA calculations of SNM that is independent on the functional form of the EDF and that can be utilized during the adjustment of its coupling constants. Tuning the coupling constant $C^{\rho \Delta\rho}_{1}$ of the gradient term that triggers scalar-isovector instabilities of the standard Skyrme EDF, we find that the occurrence of instabilities in finite nuclei depends strongly on the numerical scheme used to solve the self-consistent mean-field equations. The link to instabilities of SNM is made by extracting the lowest density $\rho_{\text{crit}}$ at which a pole appears at zero energy in the RPA response function when employing the critical value of the coupling constant $C^{\rho \Delta\rho}_{1}$ extracted in nuclei. Our analysis suggests a two-fold stability criterion to avoid scalar-isovector instabilities: (i) The density $\rho_{\text{min}}$ corresponding to the lowest pole in the RPA response function should be larger than about 1.2 times the saturation density; (ii) one needs to verify that $\rho_{p}(q_{\text{pq}})$ exhibits a distinct global minimum and is not a decreasing function for large transferred momenta.
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Contributor : Sylvie Flores <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 14, 2013 - 10:44:09 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 3, 2020 - 9:40:03 PM

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V. Hellemans, A. Pastore, T. Duguet, K. Bennaceur, D. Davesne, et al.. Spurious finite-size instabilities in nuclear energy density functionals. Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2013, 88, pp.064323. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevC.88.064323⟩. ⟨in2p3-00904257⟩



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