Probing Nuclear forces beyond the drip-line using the mirror nuclei $^{16}$N and $^{16}$F

Abstract : Radioactive beams of $^{14}$O and $^{15}$O were used to populate the resonant states 1/2$^+$, 5/2$^+$ and $0^-,1^-,2^-$ in the unbound $^{15}$F and $^{16}$F nuclei respectively by means of proton elastic scattering reactions in inverse kinematics. Based on their large proton spectroscopic factor values, the resonant states in $^{16}$F can be viewed as a core of $^{14}$O plus a proton in the 2s$_{1/2}$ or 1d$_{5/2}$ shell and a neutron in 1p$_{1/2}$. Experimental energies were used to derive the strength of the 2s$_{1/2}$-1p$_{1/2}$ and 1d$_{5/2}$-1p$_{1/2}$ proton-neutron interactions. It is found that the former changes by 40\% compared with the mirror nucleus $^{16}$N, and the second by 10\%. This apparent symmetry breaking of the nuclear force between mirror nuclei finds explanation in the role of the large coupling to the continuum for the states built on an $\ell=0$ proton configuration.
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Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2014, 90, pp.014307. 〈10.1103/PhysRevC.90.014307〉
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I. Stefan, F. De Oliveira Santos, O. Sorlin, T. Davinson, M. Lewitowicz, et al.. Probing Nuclear forces beyond the drip-line using the mirror nuclei $^{16}$N and $^{16}$F. Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2014, 90, pp.014307. 〈10.1103/PhysRevC.90.014307〉. 〈in2p3-01005736〉

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