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Comprehensive measurements of $t$-channel single top-quark production cross sections at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

G. Aad 1 S. Albrand 2 J. Brown 2 J. Collot 2 S. Crépé-Renaudin 2 B. Dechenaux 2 P.A. Delsart 2 C. Gabaldon 2 M.H. Genest 2 J.Y. Hostachy 2 F. Ledroit-Guillon 2 A. Lleres 2 A. Lucotte 2 F. Malek 2 C. Monini 2 J. Stark 2 B. Trocmé 2 M. Wu 2 G. Rahal 3 S. Abdel Khalek 4 A. Bassalat 4 C. Becot 4 S. Binet 4 C. Bourdarios 4 D. Charfeddine 4 J.B. de Vivie de Regie 4 L. Duflot 4 M. Escalier 4 L. Fayard 4 D. Fournier 4 J.-F. Grivaz 4 T. Guillemin 4 F. Hariri 4 S. Henrot-Versillé 4 J. Hrivnac 4 L. Iconomidou-Fayard 4 M. Kado 4 A. Lounis 4 N. Makovec 4 L. Poggioli 4 P. Puzo 4 A. Renaud 4 D. Rousseau 4 G. Rybkin 4 A.C. Schaffer 4 E. Scifo 4 L. Serin 4 S. Simion 4 R. Tanaka 4 H.L. Tran 4 D. Zerwas 4 Zhiqing Zhang 4 D. Boumediene 5 Emmanuel Busato 5 D. Calvet 5 S. Calvet 5 J. Donini 5 E. Dubreuil 5 N. Ghodbane 5 G. Gilles 5 Ph. Gris 5 C. Guicheney 5 H. Liao 5 D. Pallin 5 Daniela Paredes Hernández 5 F. Podlyski 5 C. Santoni 5 Timothée Theveneaux-Pelzer 5 Loïc Valery 5 F. Vazeille 5 Z. Barnovska 6 N. Berger 6 M. Delmastro 6 L. Di Ciaccio 6 T.K.O. Doan 6 S. Elles 6 C. Goy 6 T. Hryn'Ova 6 S. Jézéquel 6 H. Keoshkerian 6 I. Koletsou 6 R. Lafaye 6 J. Leveque 6 V.P. Lombardo 6 N. Massol 6 H. Przysiezniak 6 G. Sauvage 6 E. Sauvan 6 M. Schwoerer 6 O. Simard 6 T. Todorov 6 I. Wingerter-Seez 6 L. Alio 1 M. Barbero 1 C. Bertella 1 J. C. Clémens 1 Y. Coadou 1 S. Diglio 1 F. Djama 1 L. Feligioni 1 D. Hoffmann 1 F. Hubaut 1 E. B. F. G. Knoops 1 E. Le Guirriec 1 B. Li 1 D. Madaffari 1 K. Mochizuki 1 E. Monnier 1 S. Muanza 1 Y. Nagai 1 P. Pralavorio 1 A. Rozanov 1 T. Serre 1 M. Talby 1 N. Tannoury 1 E. Tiouchichine 1 S. Tisserant 1 J. Toth 1 F. Touchard 1 M. Ughetto 1 L. Vacavant 1
Abstract : This article presents measurements of the $t$-channel single top-quark ($t$) and top-antiquark ($\bar{t}$) total production cross sections $\sigma(tq)$ and $\sigma(\bar{t}q)$, their ratio $R_{t}=\sigma(tq)/\sigma(\bar{t}q)$, and a measurement of the inclusive production cross section $\sigma(tq + \bar{t}q)$ in proton--proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV at the LHC. Differential cross sections for the $tq$ and $\bar{t}q$ processes are measured as a function of the transverse momentum and the absolute value of the rapidity of $t$ and $\bar{t}$, respectively. The analyzed data set was recorded with the ATLAS detector and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.59 fb$^{-1}$. Selected events contain one charged lepton, large missing transverse momentum, and two or three jets. The cross sections are measured by performing a binned maximum-likelihood fit to the output distributions of neural networks. The resulting measurements are $\sigma(tq)= 46\pm 6\; \mathrm{pb}$, $\sigma(\bar{t}q)= 23 \pm 4\; \mathrm{pb}$, $R_{t}=2.04\pm 0.18$, and $\sigma(tq + \bar{t}q)= 68 \pm 8\; \mathrm{pb}$, consistent with the Standard Model expectation. The uncertainty on the measured cross sections is dominated by systematic uncertainties, while the uncertainty on $R_{t}$ is mainly statistical. Using the ratio of $\sigma(tq + \bar{t}q)$ to its theoretical prediction, and assuming that the top-quark-related CKM matrix elements obey the relation $|V_{tb}|\gg |V_{ts}|, |V_{td}|$, we determine $|V_{tb}|=1.02 \pm 0.07$.
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G. Aad, S. Albrand, J. Brown, J. Collot, S. Crépé-Renaudin, et al.. Comprehensive measurements of $t$-channel single top-quark production cross sections at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector. Physical Review D, American Physical Society, 2014, 90, pp.112006. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevD.90.112006⟩. ⟨in2p3-01024299⟩

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