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Measurement of the total cross section from elastic scattering in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

G. Aad 1 S. Albrand 2 J. Brown 2 J. Collot 2 S. Crépé-Renaudin 2 B. Dechenaux 2 P.A. Delsart 2 C. Gabaldon 2 M.H. Genest 2 J.Y. Hostachy 2 F. Ledroit-Guillon 2 A. Lleres 2 A. Lucotte 2 F. Malek 2 C. Monini 2 J. Stark 2 B. Trocmé 2 M. Wu 2 G. Rahal 3 D. Boumediene 4 Emmanuel Busato 4 D. Calvet 4 S. Calvet 4 J. Donini 4 E. Dubreuil 4 N. Ghodbane 4 G. Gilles 4 Ph. Gris 4 C. Guicheney 4 H. Liao 4 D. Pallin 4 Daniela Paredes Hernández 4 F. Podlyski 4 C. Santoni 4 Timothée Theveneaux-Pelzer 4 Loïc Valery 4 F. Vazeille 4 S. Abdel Khalek 5 A. Bassalat 5 C. Becot 5 S. Binet 5 C. Bourdarios 5 D. Charfeddine 5 J.B. de Vivie de Regie 5 L. Duflot 5 M. Escalier 5 L. Fayard 5 D. Fournier 5 J.-F. Grivaz 5 T. Guillemin 5 F. Hariri 5 S. Henrot-Versillé 5 J. Hrivnac 5 L. Iconomidou-Fayard 5 M. Kado 5 A. Lounis 5 N. Makovec 5 L. Poggioli 5 P. Puzo 5 A. Renaud 5 D. Rousseau 5 G. Rybkin 5 A.C. Schaffer 5 E. Scifo 5 L. Serin 5 S. Simion 5 R. Tanaka 5 H.L. Tran 5 D. Zerwas 5 Z. Zhang 5 L. Alio 1 M. Barbero 1 C. Bertella 1 J. C. Clémens 1 Y. Coadou 1 S. Diglio 1 F. Djama 1 L. Feligioni 1 D. Hoffmann 1 F. Hubaut 1 E. B. F. G. Knoops 1 E. Le Guirriec 1 B. Li 1 D. Madaffari 1 K. Mochizuki 1 E. Monnier 1 S. Muanza 1 Y. Nagai 1 P. Pralavorio 1 A. Rozanov 1 T. Serre 1 M. Talby 1 E. Tiouchichine 1 S. Tisserant 1 J. Toth 1 F. Touchard 1 M. Ughetto 1 L. Vacavant 1 Z. Barnovska 6 N. Berger 6 M. Delmastro 6 L. Di Ciaccio 6 T.K.O. Doan 6 S. Elles 6 C. Goy 6 T. Hryn'Ova 6 S. Jézéquel 6 H. Keoshkerian 6 I. Koletsou 6 R. Lafaye 6 J. Leveque 6 V.P. Lombardo 6 N. Massol 6 H. Przysiezniak 6 G. Sauvage 6 E. Sauvan 6 M. Schwoerer 6 O. Simard 6 T. Todorov 6 I. Wingerter-Seez 6
Abstract : A measurement of the total $pp$ cross section at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV is presented. In a special run with high-$\beta^{\star}$ beam optics, an integrated luminosity of 80 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ was accumulated in order to measure the differential elastic cross section as a function of the Mandelstam momentum transfer variable $t$. The measurement is performed with the ALFA sub-detector of ATLAS. Using a fit to the differential elastic cross section in the $|t|$ range from 0.01 GeV$^2$ to 0.1 GeV$^2$ to extrapolate to $|t|\rightarrow 0$, the total cross section, $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X)$, is measured via the optical theorem to be: $$\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X) = 95.35 \; \pm 0.38 \; ({\mbox{stat.}}) \pm 1.25 \; ({\mbox{exp.}}) \pm 0.37 \; (\mbox{extr.}) \; \mbox{mb},$$ where the first error is statistical, the second accounts for all experimental systematic uncertainties and the last is related to uncertainties in the extrapolation to $|t|\rightarrow 0$. In addition, the slope of the elastic cross section at small $|t|$ is determined to be $B = 19.73 \pm 0.14 \; ({\mbox{stat.}}) \pm 0.26 \; ({\mbox{syst.}}) \; \mbox{GeV}^{-2}$.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 26, 2014 - 8:22:53 AM
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G. Aad, S. Albrand, J. Brown, J. Collot, S. Crépé-Renaudin, et al.. Measurement of the total cross section from elastic scattering in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector. Nuclear Physics B, Elsevier, 2014, 889, pp.486-548. ⟨10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2014.10.019⟩. ⟨in2p3-01058044⟩

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