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Measurement of Volatile Radionuclides Production and Release Yields followed by a Post-Irradiation Analysis of a Pb/Bi Filled Ta Target at ISOLDE

Abstract : A crucial requirement in the development of liquid-metal spallation neutron target is knowledge of the composition and amount of volatile radionuclides that are released from the target during operation. It is also important to know the total amount produced, which could be released if there was an accident. One type is the lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) target where different radionuclides can be produced following interaction with a high-energy proton beam, notably noble gases (Ar, Kr, Xe isotopes) and other relative volatile isotopes such as Hg and At. The results of an irradiation experiment performed at ISOLDE on a LBE target are compared with predictions from the MCNPX code using the latest developments on the Li'ege Intranuclear Cascade model (INCL4.6) and the CEM03 model. The calculations are able to reproduce the mass distribution of the radioisotopes produced, including the At production, where there is a significant contribution from secondary reactions. Subsequently, a post-irradiation examination of the irradiated target was performed. Investigations of both the tantalum target structure, in particular the beam window, and the leadbismuth eutectic were performed using several experimental techniques. No sign of severe irradiation damage, previously observed in other ISOLDE targets, was found.
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http://hal.in2p3.fr/in2p3-01061739
Contributor : Michel Lion <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 8, 2014 - 12:59:13 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 11:02:10 AM

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L. Zanini, U. Köster, J.C. David, Y. Tall, M. Andersson, et al.. Measurement of Volatile Radionuclides Production and Release Yields followed by a Post-Irradiation Analysis of a Pb/Bi Filled Ta Target at ISOLDE. International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology (ND2013), Mar 2013, New York, United States. pp.292-295, ⟨10.1016/j.nds.2014.08.080⟩. ⟨in2p3-01061739⟩

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