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Thermodynamic and Kinetic Study of Scandium(III) Complexes of DTPA and DOTA: A Step Toward Scandium Radiopharmaceuticals

Abstract : Diethylenetriamine-N,N,N′,N′′,N′′-pentaacetic acid (DTPA) and 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) scandium(III) complexes were investigated in the solution and solid state. Three 45Sc NMR spectroscopic references suitable for aqueous solutions were suggested: 0.1 M Sc(ClO4)3 in 1 M aq. HClO4 (δSc=0.0 ppm), 0.1 M ScCl3 in 1 M aq. HCl (δSc=1.75 ppm) and 0.01 M [Sc(ox)4]5− (ox2−=oxalato) in 1 M aq. K2C2O4 (δSc=8.31 ppm). In solution, [Sc(dtpa)]2− complex (δSc=83 ppm, ▵ν=770 Hz) has a rather symmetric ligand field unlike highly unsymmetrical donor atom arrangement in [Sc(dota)]− anion (δSc=100 ppm, ▵ν=4300 Hz). The solid-state structure of K8[Sc2(ox)7]⋅13 H2O contains two [Sc(ox)3]3− units bridged by twice "side-on" coordinated oxalate anion with Sc3+ ion in a dodecahedral O8 arrangement. Structures of [Sc(dtpa)]2− and [Sc(dota)]− in [(Hguanidine)]2[Sc(dtpa)]⋅3 H2O and K[Sc(dota)][H6dota]Cl2⋅4 H2O, respectively, are analogous to those of trivalent lanthanide complexes with the same ligands. The [Sc(dota)]− unit exhibits twisted square-antiprismatic arrangement without an axial ligand (TSA′ isomer) and [Sc(dota)]− and (H6dota)2+ units are bridged by a K+ cation. A surprisingly high value of the last DOTA dissociation constant (pKa=12.9) was determined by potentiometry and confirmed by using NMR spectroscopy. Stability constants of scandium(III) complexes (log KScL 27.43 and 30.79 for DTPA and DOTA, respectively) were determined from potentiometric and 45Sc NMR spectroscopic data. Both complexes are fully formed even below pH 2. Complexation of DOTA with the Sc3+ ion is much faster than with trivalent lanthanides. Proton-assisted decomplexation of the [Sc(dota)]− complex (τ1/2=45 h; 1 M aq. HCl, 25 °C) is much slower than that for [Ln(dota)]− complexes. Therefore, DOTA and its derivatives seem to be very suitable ligands for scandium radioisotopes.
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Contributor : Dominique Girod <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 30, 2014 - 2:29:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 19, 2020 - 3:08:42 AM

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M. Pniok, V. Kubíček, J. Havlíčková, J. Kotek, A. Sabatie-Gogová, et al.. Thermodynamic and Kinetic Study of Scandium(III) Complexes of DTPA and DOTA: A Step Toward Scandium Radiopharmaceuticals. Chemistry - A European Journal, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2014, 20, pp.7944-7955. ⟨10.1002/chem.201402041⟩. ⟨in2p3-01070048⟩



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