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Searches for Anisotropies in the Arrival Directions of the Highest Energy Cosmic Rays Detected by the Pierre Auger Observatory

Abstract : We analyze the distribution of arrival directions of ultra-high energy cosmic rays recorded at the Pierre Auger Observatory in 10 years of operation. The data set, about three times larger than that used in earlier studies, includes arrival directions with zenith angles up to 80∘, thus covering from −90∘ to +45∘ in declination. After updating the fraction of events correlating with the active galactic nuclei (AGNs) in the V\'eron-Cetty and V\'eron catalog, we subject the arrival directions of the data with energies in excess of 40 EeV to different tests for anisotropy. We search for localized excess fluxes and for self-clustering of event directions at angular scales up to 30∘ and for different threshold energies between 40~EeV and 80~EeV. We then look for correlations of cosmic rays with celestial structures both in the Galaxy (the Galactic Center and Galactic Plane) and in the local Universe (the Super-Galactic Plane). We also examine their correlation with different populations of nearby extragalactic objects: galaxies in the 2MRS catalog, AGNs detected by Swift-BAT, radio galaxies with jets and the Centaurus~A galaxy. None of the tests shows a statistically significant evidence of anisotropy. The strongest departures from isotropy (post-trial probability ∼1.4\%) are obtained for cosmic rays with E>58~EeV in rather large windows around Swift AGNs closer than 130~Mpc and brighter than 1044~erg/s (18∘ radius) and around the direction of Centaurus~A (15∘ radius).
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Contributor : Emmanuelle Vernay <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 28, 2014 - 10:02:37 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 19, 2020 - 4:50:03 AM

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A. Aab, M. Avenier, C. Berat, S. Le Coz, D. Lebrun, et al.. Searches for Anisotropies in the Arrival Directions of the Highest Energy Cosmic Rays Detected by the Pierre Auger Observatory. The Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2015, 804 (1), pp.15. ⟨10.1088/0004-637X/804/1/15⟩. ⟨in2p3-01088484⟩

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