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Observation and measurements of the production of prompt and non-prompt $J/\psi$ mesons in association with a $Z$ boson in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}= 8$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

G. Aad 1 S. Albrand 2 J. Brown 2 J. Collot 2 S. Crépé-Renaudin 2 P.A. Delsart 2 C. Gabaldon 2 M.H. Genest 2 J.Y. Hostachy 2 F. Ledroit-Guillon 2 A. Lleres 2 A. Lucotte 2 F. Malek 2 C. Monini 2 J. Stark 2 B. Trocmé 2 M. Wu 2 G. Rahal 3 Z. Barnovska 4 N. Berger 4 M. Delmastro 4 L. Di Ciaccio 4 S. Elles 4 T. Hryn’ova 4 S. Jézéquel 4 H. Keoshkerian 4 I. Koletsou 4 R. Lafaye 4 J. Leveque 4 V.P. Lombardo 4 N. Massol 4 G. Sauvage 4 E. Sauvan 4 M. Schwoerer 4 O. Simard 4 T. Todorov 4 I. Wingerter-Seez 4 L. Alio M. Barbero J. C. Clémens 1 Y. Coadou 1 Sara Diglio 1 F. Djama 1 L. Feligioni 1 G.D. Hallewell 1 D. Hoffmann 1 F. Hubaut 1 E. B. F. G. Knoops 1 E. Le Guirriec 1 B. Li 1 D. Madaffari 1 K. Mochizuki 1 E. Monnier 1 S. Muanza 1 Y. Nagai 1 P. Pralavorio 1 A. Rozanov 1 T. Serre 1 M. Talby 1 E. Tiouchichine 1 S. Tisserant 1 J. Toth 1 F. Touchard 1 M. Ughetto 1 L. Vacavant 1 M.K. Ayoub 5 A. Bassalat 5 C. Becot 5 S. Binet 5 C. Bourdarios 5 J.B. de Vivie De Regie 5 D. Delgove 5 L. Duflot 5 M. Escalier 5 L. Fayard 5 D. Fournier 5 E.L. Gkougkousis 5 J.-F. Grivaz 5 T. Guillemin 5 F. Hariri 5 S. Henrot-Versillé 5 J. Hrivnac 5 L. Iconomidou-Fayard 5 M. Kado 5 A. Lounis 5 N. Makovec 5 N. Morange 5 C. Nellist 5 L. Poggioli 5 P. Puzo 5 A. Renaud 5 D. Rousseau 5 G. Rybkin 5 A.C. Schaffer 5 E. Scifo 5 L. Serin 5 S. Simion 5 R. Tanaka 5 H.L. Tran 5 D. Zerwas 5 Zhongkai Zhang 5 Y. Zhao 5
Abstract : The production of a $Z$ boson in association with a $J/\psi$ meson in proton--proton collisions probes the production mechanisms of quarkonium and heavy flavour in association with vector bosons, and allows studies of multiple parton scattering. Using $20.3$ fb$^{-1}$ of data collected with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC, in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV, the first measurement of associated $Z + J/\psi$ production is presented for both prompt and non-prompt $J/\psi$ production, with both signatures having a significance in excess of $5\sigma$. The inclusive production cross-sections for $Z$ boson production (in $\mu^+\mu^-$ or $e^+e^-$ decay modes) in association with prompt and non-prompt $J/\psi(\to\mu^+\mu^-)$ are measured relative to the inclusive production rate of $Z$ bosons in the same fiducial volume to be $(88\pm 16\pm 6) \times 10^{-8}$ and $(157\pm 22\pm 10) \times 10^{-8}$ respectively. Normalised differential production cross-sections are also determined as a function of the $J/\psi$ transverse momentum. The fraction of signal events arising from single and double parton scattering is estimated, and a lower limit of $5.3\ (3.7)$ mb at $68\ (95)$% confidence level is placed on the effective cross-section regulating double parton interactions.
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G. Aad, S. Albrand, J. Brown, J. Collot, S. Crépé-Renaudin, et al.. Observation and measurements of the production of prompt and non-prompt $J/\psi$ mesons in association with a $Z$ boson in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}= 8$ TeV with the ATLAS detector. European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2015, 75 (5), pp.229. ⟨10.1140/epjc/s10052-015-3406-9⟩. ⟨in2p3-01097769⟩



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