The Pierre Auger Cosmic Ray Observatory

A. Aab M. Avenier 1 C. Berat 1 S. Le Coz 1 D. Lebrun 1 K. Louedec 1 F. Montanet 1 A. Stutz 1 Richard Dallier 2, 3 F. Gate 3 Pascal Lautridou 3 J. Maller 3 V. Marin 3 L. Martin 3 O. Ravel 3 Benoît Revenu 3 A. Cordier 4 D. Garcia Gamez 4 Balázs Kégl 4 D. Monnier Ragaigne 4 D. Veberic 4 I. Al Samarai 5 O. Deligny 5 I. Lhenry-Yvon 5 D. Martraire 5 F. Salamida 5 T. Suomijärvi 5 M Abreu E Aglietta I Ahn J Al Samarai I Albert I Albuquerque J Allekotte P. Allen 6 A Allison J Almela J Alvarez Castillo R Alvarez-Muñiz M Alves Batista A Ambrosio L Aminaei S Anchordoqui C Andringa V Aramo K Aranda F Arisaka F Arneodo T Arqueros H Asch P Asorey J. Assis 7 M Aublin M Ave G. Avenier 8 N Avila A Awal M Badescu K Balzer A Barber N Barbosa M Barenthien J Barkhausen C Bäuml J Baus K Beatty J Becker S Bellido C Benzvi T Berat M Bergmann X Bertaina P Bertou R Biermann P Bilhaut S Billoir M Blaess C. Blanco 9 H Bleve M Blümer H Boháčová D Bolz C Boncioli R Bonifazi M Bonino N Boratav F Borodai J Bracci I Brack A Brancus P Bridgeman W Brogueira P Brown A Buchholz S Bueno M Buitink K Buscemi B Caballero-Mora L. Caccianiga 10 D Caccianiga M Camin L Candusso R Caramete A. Caruso 11 A Castellina G Castera L Cataldi R Cazon A Cester A Chavez J Chiavassa M Chinellato J Chiosso M Chudoba R Clark G Clay R Cocciolo A Colalillo L Coleman E Collica S Colombo M Colonges R Coluccia F Conceição M Contreras J Cooper A Coppens B. Cordier 12 S Courty C Coutu J Covault A Cronin R Curutiu S Daniel K Dasso B Daumiller R Dawson M de Almeida C de Domenico S de Donato J de Jong Mello De I Neto J de Mitri V de Oliveira K de Souza L de Vries O del Peral H Deligny N Dembinski C Dhital A Giulio J Di Matteo M Diaz F Castro C Diogo W Dobrigkeit J Docters P D 'Olivo A Dolron Q Dorofeev M Dorosti Hasankiadeh J Dova R Ebr L Engel M Epele M Erdmann C Erfani J. Escobar 13 A Espadanal P Etchegoyen San Facal H Luis K Falcke G Fang A Farrar N Fauth A Fazzini M Ferguson A Fernandes B Ferrero
Abstract : The Pierre Auger Observatory, located on a vast, high plain in western Argentina, is the world's largest cosmic ray observatory. The objectives of the Observatory are to probe the origin and characteristics of cosmic rays above $10^{17}$ eV and to study the interactions of these, the most energetic particles observed in nature. The Auger design features an array of 1660 water-Cherenkov particle detector stations spread over 3000 km$^2$ overlooked by 24 air fluorescence telescopes. In addition, three high elevation fluorescence telescopes overlook a 23.5 km$^2$, 61 detector infill array. The Observatory has been in successful operation since completion in 2008 and has recorded data from an exposure exceeding 40,000 km$^2$ sr yr. This paper describes the design and performance of the detectors, related subsystems and infrastructure that make up the Auger Observatory.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 11, 2017 - 2:46:05 PM
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A. Aab, M. Avenier, C. Berat, S. Le Coz, D. Lebrun, et al.. The Pierre Auger Cosmic Ray Observatory. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Elsevier, 2015, 798, pp.172-213. ⟨10.1016/j.nima.2015.06.058⟩. ⟨in2p3-01114254⟩

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