Planck 2015 results. XXVIII. The Planck Catalogue of Galactic Cold Clumps

Abstract : We present the Planck Catalogue of Galactic Cold Clumps (PGCC), an all-sky catalogue of Galactic cold clump candidates detected by Planck. This catalogue is the full version of the Early Cold Core (ECC) catalogue, which was made available in 2011 with the Early Release Compact Source Catalogue (ERCSC) and contained 915 high S/N sources. It is based on the Planck 48 months mission data that are currently being released to the astronomical community. The PGCC catalogue is an observational catalogue consisting exclusively of Galactic cold sources. The three highest Planck bands (857, 545, 353 GHz) have been combined with IRAS data at 3 THz to perform a multi-frequency detection of sources colder than their local environment. After rejection of possible extragalactic contaminants, the PGCC catalogue contains 13188 Galactic sources spread across the whole sky, i.e., from the Galactic plane to high latitudes, following the spatial distribution of the main molecular cloud complexes. The median temperature of PGCC sources lies between 13 and 14.5 K, depending on the quality of the flux density measurements, with a temperature ranging from 5.8 to 20 K after removing sources with the 1% largest temperature estimates. Using seven independent methods, reliable distance estimates have been obtained for 5574 sources, which allows us to derive their physical properties such as their mass, physical size, mean density and luminosity. The PGCC sources are located mainly in the solar neighbourhood, up to a distance of 10.5 kpc towards the Galactic centre, and range from low-mass cores to large molecular clouds. Because of this diversity and because the PGCC catalogue contains sources in very different environments, the catalogue is useful to investigate the evolution from molecular clouds to cores. Finally, the catalogue also includes 54 additional sources located in the SMC and LMC.
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Contributeur : Sabine Starita <>
Soumis le : mardi 10 février 2015 - 17:30:18
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:14:20

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P.A.R. Ade, F. Couchot, S. Henrot-Versillé, A. Mangilli, O. Perdereau, et al.. Planck 2015 results. XXVIII. The Planck Catalogue of Galactic Cold Clumps. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2016, 594, pp.A28. 〈10.1051/0004-6361/201525819 〉. 〈in2p3-01115301〉



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