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Magnetic field resistant quantum interferences in Josephson junctions based on bismuth nanowires

Abstract : We investigate proximity-induced superconductivity in micrometer-long bismuth nanowires connected to superconducting electrodes with a high critical field. At low temperature we measure a supercurrent that persists in magnetic fields as high as the critical field of the electrodes (above 11 T). The critical current is also strongly modulated by the magnetic field. In certain samples we find regular, rapid SQUID-like periodic oscillations occurring up to high fields. Other samples exhibit less periodic but full modulations of the critical current on Tesla field scales, with field-caused extinctions of the supercurrent. These findings indicate the existence of low dimensionality, phase coherent, interfering conducting regions through the samples, with a subtle interplay between orbital and spin contributions. We relate these surprising results to the electronic properties of the surface states of bismuth, strong Rashba spin-orbit coupling, large effective g factors, and their effect on the induced pair correlations. In particular, we emphasize the possible contribution of topological edge states of specific facets of the nanowires.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 24, 2015 - 11:20:27 AM
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C. Li, A. Kasumov, A. Murani, S. Sengupta, F. Fortuna, et al.. Magnetic field resistant quantum interferences in Josephson junctions based on bismuth nanowires. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, American Physical Society, 2014, 90 (issue 24), pp.245427. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.90.245427⟩. ⟨in2p3-01115787⟩



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