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Power Counting of Contact-Range Currents in Effective Field Theory

Abstract : We analyze the power counting of two-body currents in nuclear effective field theories (EFTs). We find that the existence of non-perturbative physics at low energies, which is manifest in the existence of the deuteron and the 1S0 NN virtual bound state, combined with the appearance of singular potentials in versions of nuclear EFT that incorporate chiral symmetry, modifies the renormalization-group flow of the couplings associated with contact operators that involve nucleon-nucleon pairs and external fields. The order of these couplings is thereby enhanced with respect to the naive-dimensional-analysis estimate. Consequently, short-range currents enter at a lower order in the chiral EFT than has been appreciated up until now, and their impact on low-energy observables is concomitantly larger. We illustrate the changes in the power counting with a few low-energy processes involving external probes and the few-nucleon systems, including electron-deuteron elastic scattering and radiative neutron capture by protons.
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Contributor : Sophie Heurteau <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 8, 2015 - 3:56:35 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 30, 2021 - 10:22:01 AM

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M. Pavón Valderrama, D. r. Phillips. Power Counting of Contact-Range Currents in Effective Field Theory. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2015, 114 (8), pp.082502. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.082502⟩. ⟨in2p3-01140432⟩



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