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Irreversible transformation of ferromagnetic ordered stripe domains in single-shot infrared-pump/resonant-x-ray-scattering-probe experiments

N. Bergeard S. Schaffert V. Lopez-Flores N. Jaouen J. Geilhufe C.M. Gunther M. Schneider C. Graves T.H. Wang B. Wu 1 A. Scherz C. Baumier 2 R. Delaunay 3 F. Fortuna 4 M. Tortarolo B. Tudu 3 O. Krupin M.P. Minitti J. Robinson W.F. Schlotter J.J. Turner J. Luning 3 S. Eisebitt C. Boeglin 5
2 CSNSM PS1
CSNSM - Centre de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière, CSNSM - Centre de Spectrométrie Nucléaire et de Spectrométrie de Masse
4 CSNSM PS2
CSNSM - Centre de Spectrométrie Nucléaire et de Spectrométrie de Masse, CSNSM - Centre de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière
Abstract : The evolution of a magnetic domain structure upon excitation by an intense, femtosecond infrared (IR) laser pulse has been investigated using single-shot based time-resolved resonant x-ray scattering at the x-ray free electron laser LCLS. A well-ordered stripe domain pattern as present in a thin CoPd alloy film has been used as a prototype magnetic domain structure for this study. The fluence of the IR laser pump pulse was sufficient to lead to an almost complete quenching of the magnetization within the ultrafast demagnetization process taking place within the first few hundreds of femtoseconds following the IR laser pump pulse excitation. On longer time scales this excitation gave rise to subsequent irreversible transformations of the magnetic domain structure. Under our specific experimental conditions, it took about 2 ns before the magnetization started to recover. After about 5 ns the previously ordered stripe domain structure had evolved into a disordered labyrinth domain structure. Surprisingly, we observe after about 7 ns the occurrence of a partially ordered stripe domain structure reoriented into a novel direction. It is this domain structure in which the sample's magnetization stabilizes as revealed by scattering patterns recorded long after the initial pump-probe cycle. Using micromagnetic simulations we can explain this observation based on changes of the magnetic anisotropy going along with heat dissipation in the film.
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http://hal.in2p3.fr/in2p3-01143243
Contributor : Emilie Bonnardel <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 17, 2015 - 10:17:09 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 5:45:21 PM

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N. Bergeard, S. Schaffert, V. Lopez-Flores, N. Jaouen, J. Geilhufe, et al.. Irreversible transformation of ferromagnetic ordered stripe domains in single-shot infrared-pump/resonant-x-ray-scattering-probe experiments. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, American Physical Society, 2015, 91 (issue 5), pp.054416. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.91.054416⟩. ⟨in2p3-01143243⟩

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