The effect of irradiation on the magnetic properties of rock and synthetic samples: Implications to irradiation of extraterrestrial materials in space

Abstract : We report here the results of laboratory analog experiments to consider the potential effects of solar energetic particles (SEP or solar-flare-associated particles) and galactic cosmic rays (GCR) on the magnetic properties of extraterrestrial materials. We carried out proton bombardment experiments (with irradiation energies E (1)=400, E (2) =850 keV and three irradiation fluences in 10(14)-10(16) p/cm(2) range) and lead-ion bombardment experiments (E =1 GeV) on (previously demagnetized by 120 mT alternating magnetic field) rock and synthetic samples with the following magnetic carriers: metallic iron and nickel iron, Ti-rich and Ti-free magnetite, pyrrhotite. Irradiation experiments resulted in either further demagnetization or magnetization of irradiated samples depending on the type of magnetic mineralogy and type of ionizing radiation involved. Apart for the formation of radiation-induced remanent magnetization (RIRM), we observed major changes in bulk magnetic properties, i.e., a moderate to dramatic decrease (up to 93%) in the coercivity of remanence B (cr) for all iron-bearing phases (iron-in-epoxy and Bensour meteorite samples). Contrary to iron-bearing samples, several magnetite-bearing samples experienced a radiation-induced magnetic hardening (increase in B (cr) ). Magnetic hardening was also observed for Ar2+ ion-irradiated nickel iron-bearing HED meteorites, measured for comparison with the previously stated results. Therefore, the combined effect of SEP with GCR may magnetically soften iron-bearing materials and harden magnetite-bearing materials. In order to answer the question wether RIRM may account for natural remanent magnetization of meteorites and lunar samples, physical mechanism of RIRM formation and potential dependence of RIRM intensity on the background magnetic field present during irradiation event should be investigated.
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Article dans une revue
Fizika zemli / Izvestiya Physics of the Solid Earth, MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica/Springer, 2015, 51 (issue 3), pp.336-353. 〈10.1134/S1069351315020019〉
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Contributeur : Emilie Bonnardel <>
Soumis le : lundi 1 juin 2015 - 13:50:59
Dernière modification le : jeudi 10 mai 2018 - 01:58:49

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N.S. Bezaeva, J. Gattacceca, P. Rochette, J. Duprat, G. Rizza, et al.. The effect of irradiation on the magnetic properties of rock and synthetic samples: Implications to irradiation of extraterrestrial materials in space. Fizika zemli / Izvestiya Physics of the Solid Earth, MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica/Springer, 2015, 51 (issue 3), pp.336-353. 〈10.1134/S1069351315020019〉. 〈in2p3-01158521〉

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