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Performances of the Alpha-X RF gun on the PHIL accelerator at LAL

T. Vinatier 1, 2 C. Bruni 2 R. Roux 2, 3 J. Brossard 2 S. Chancé 2 J.N. Cayla 2 V. Chaumat 2 G. Xu 2 H. Monard 2
1 PHIL-Dept. Accelerateurs
LAL - Laboratoire de l'Accélérateur Linéaire
3 LEEL - UMR 3685 - Laboratoire d'Etudes des Eléments Légers
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
Abstract : The Alpha-X RF-gun was designed to produce an ultra-short (<100 fs rms), 100 pC and 6.3 MeV electron beam with a normalized rms transverse emittance of 1π mm mrad for a gun peak accelerating field of 100 MV/m. Such beams will be required by the Alpha-X project, which aims to study a laser-driven plasma accelerator with a short wavelength accelerating medium. It has been demonstrated on PHIL (Photo-Injector at LAL) that the coaxial RF coupling, chosen to preserve the gun field cylindrical symmetry, is perfectly understood and allows reaching the required peak accelerating field of 100 MV/m giving beam energy of 6.3 MeV. Moreover, a quite low beam rms relative energy spread of 0.15% at 3.8 MeV has been measured, completely agreeing with simulations. Dark current, quantum efficiencies and dephasing curves measurements have also been performed. They all show high values of the field enhancement factor β, which can be explained by the preparation of the photocathodes. Finally, measurements on the transverse phase-space have been carried out, with some limitations given by the difficult modelization of one of the PHIL solenoid magnets and by the enlargement of the beam transverse dimensions due to the use of YAG screens. These measurements give a normalized rms transverse emittance around 5π mm mrad, which does not fulfill the requirement for the Alpha-X project.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 10, 2015 - 11:36:37 AM
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T. Vinatier, C. Bruni, R. Roux, J. Brossard, S. Chancé, et al.. Performances of the Alpha-X RF gun on the PHIL accelerator at LAL. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Elsevier, 2015, 797, p. 222-229. ⟨10.1016/j.nima.2015.06.055⟩. ⟨in2p3-01174947⟩



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