Comparison of absolute gain photometric calibration between Planck/HFI and Herschel/SPIRE at 545 and 857 GHz

Abstract : We compare the absolute gain photometric calibration of the Planck/HFI and Herschel/SPIRE instruments on diffuse emission. The absolute calibration of each of HFI and SPIRE relies on planet flux measurements and comparison with theoretical far-infrared emission models of planetary atmospheres. We measure the photometric cross calibration between the instruments at two overlapping bands, 545 GHz / 500 $\mu$m and 857 GHz / 350 $\mu$m. The SPIRE maps used have been processed in the Herschel Interactive Processing Environment (Version 12) and the HFI data are from the 2015 Public Data Release 2. For our study we used 15 large fields observed with SPIRE, which cover a total of about 120 deg^2. We have selected these fields carefully to provide a high signal-to-noise ratio, avoid residual systematics in the SPIRE maps, and span a wide range of surface brightness. The HFI maps are bandpass-corrected to match the emission observed by the SPIRE bandpasses. SPIRE maps are convolved to match the HFI beam and put on a common pixel grid. We measure the relative gain between the instruments using two methods in each field, pixel-to-pixel correlation and angular power spectrum measurements. Adopting the current SPIRE point-source to extended-emission conversion, we find that the two calibrations are in very good agreement. The SPIRE / HFI relative gains are 1.047 ($\pm$ 0.0069) and 1.003 ($\pm$ 0.0080) at 545 and 857 GHz, respectively. These relative gains deviate from unity by much less than the current uncertainty of the absolute extended emission calibration, which is about 6.4% and 9.5% for HFI and SPIRE, respectively, but the deviations are comparable to the values 1.4% and 5.5% for HFI and SPIRE if the uncertainty from models of the common calibrator can be discounted. Of the 5.5% for SPIRE, 4% arises from the beam area, highlighting that as focus for refinement.
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Contributor : Sabine Starita <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 8, 2015 - 9:32:00 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 25, 2019 - 4:34:13 PM

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  • HAL Id : in2p3-01195545, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1509.01784


B. Bertincourt, Guilaine Lagache, B. Schulz, L. Conversi, K. Dassas, et al.. Comparison of absolute gain photometric calibration between Planck/HFI and Herschel/SPIRE at 545 and 857 GHz. 2015. ⟨in2p3-01195545⟩



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