The Arrowhead Mini-Supercluster of Galaxies

Abstract : Superclusters of galaxies can be defined kinematically from local evaluations of the velocity shear tensor. The location where the smallest eigenvalue of the shear is positive and maximal defines the center of a basin of attraction. Velocity and density fields are reconstructed with Wiener Filter techniques. Local velocities due to the density field in a restricted region can be separated from external tidal flows, permitting the identification of boundaries separating inward flows toward a basin of attraction and outward flows. This methodology was used to define the Laniakea Supercluster that includes the Milky Way. Large adjacent structures include Perseus-Pisces, Coma, Hercules, and Shapley but current kinematic data are insufficient to capture their full domains. However there is a small region trapped between Laniakea, Perseus-Pisces, and Coma that is close enough to be reliably characterized and that satisfies the kinematic definition of a supercluster. Because of its shape, it is given the name the Arrowhead Supercluster. This entity does not contain any major clusters. A characteristic dimension is ~25 Mpc and the contained mass is only ~10^15 Msun.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2015, 812, pp.17. 〈10.1088/0004-637X/812/1/17〉
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Contributeur : Sylvie Flores <>
Soumis le : vendredi 25 septembre 2015 - 09:52:35
Dernière modification le : jeudi 8 février 2018 - 11:07:29

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D. Pomarede, R.B Tully, Y. Hoffman, H.M. Courtois. The Arrowhead Mini-Supercluster of Galaxies. Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2015, 812, pp.17. 〈10.1088/0004-637X/812/1/17〉. 〈in2p3-01205198〉



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