High angular resolution Sunyaev-Zel'dovich observations of MACS J1423.8+2404 with NIKA: multi-wavelength analysis

Abstract : NIKA, the prototype of the NIKA2 camera, is an instrument operating at the IRAM 30m telescope that can observe the sky simultaneously at 150 and 260GHz. One of the main goals of NIKA is to measure the pressure distribution in galaxy clusters at high angular resolution using the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect. Such observations have already proved to be an excellent probe of cluster pressure distributions even at high redshifts. However, an important fraction of clusters host submm and/or radio point sources that can significantly affect the reconstructed signal. Here we report <20arcsec angular resolution observations at 150 and 260GHz of the cluster MACSJ1424, which hosts both radio and submm point sources. We examine the morphological distribution of the SZ signal and compare it to other datasets. The NIKA data are combined with Herschel satellite data to study the SED of the submm point source contaminants. We then perform a joint reconstruction of the ICM electronic pressure and density by combining NIKA, Planck, XMM-Newton and Chandra data, focussing on the impact of the radio and submm sources on the reconstructed pressure profile. We find that the large-scale pressure distribution is unaffected by the point sources due to the resolved nature of the NIKA observations. The reconstructed pressure in the inner region is slightly higher when the contribution of point sources are removed. We show that it is not possible to set strong constraints on the central pressure distribution without removing accurately these contaminants. The comparison with Xray only data shows good agreement for the pressure, temperature and entropy profiles, all indicating that MACSJ1424 is a dynamically relaxed cool core system. The present observations illustrate the possibility of measuring these quantities with a relatively small integration time, even at high redshift and without Xray spectroscopy.
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Contributor : Emmanuelle Vernay <>
Submitted on : Friday, October 23, 2015 - 8:53:45 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 25, 2019 - 4:34:13 PM

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R. Adam, B. Comis, I. Bartalucci, A. Adane, P. Ade, et al.. High angular resolution Sunyaev-Zel'dovich observations of MACS J1423.8+2404 with NIKA: multi-wavelength analysis. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2016, 586, pp.A122. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201527616 ⟩. ⟨in2p3-01219659⟩

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