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Revisiting the monopole components of effective interactions for the shell model

Abstract : In this paper, we revisit the monopole components of effective interactions for the shell model. Without going through specific nuclei or shell gaps, universal roles of central, tensor, and spin–orbit forces can be proved, reflecting the intrinsic features of shell model effective interactions. For monopole matrix elements, even and odd channels of central force often have a canceling effect. However, for the contributions to the shell evolution, its even and odd channels could have both positive or negative contributions, enhancing the role of central force on the shell structure. Tensor force is generally weaker than central force. However, for the effect on shell evolutions, tensor force can dominate or play a competitive role. A different systematics has been discovered between T = 1 and 0 channels. For example, tensor force, well established in the T = 0 channel, becomes uncertain in the T = 1 channel. We calculate the properties of neutron-rich oxygen and calcium isotopes in order to study T = 1 channel interactions further. It is learned that the main improvements of empirical interactions are traced to the central force. For noncentral forces, antisymmetric spin–orbit (ALS) force, originated from manybody perturbations or three-body force, could also play an explicit role. T = 1 tensor forces are less constrained so their effect can differ in different empirical interactions. The influence of tensor force may sometimes be canceled by many-body effects. For T = 0 channels of effective interactions, which is the main source of neutron–proton correlations, central and tensor forces are the leading components. For T = 1 channels, which can act between like-particles, the request for many-body correlations could be more demanding, so that the monopole anomaly of the T = 1 channel might be more serious.
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Contributor : Michel Lion Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 10, 2015 - 1:01:04 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 1, 2018 - 1:34:31 AM




X.B. Wang, G.X. Dong. Revisiting the monopole components of effective interactions for the shell model. Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, IOP Publishing, 2015, 42 (12), pp.125101. ⟨10.1088/0954-3899/42/12/125101⟩. ⟨in2p3-01226887⟩



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