Planck intermediate results. XLII. Large-scale Galactic magnetic fields

R. Adam 1 P. A. R. Ade M. I. R. Alves M. Ashdown J. Aumont C. Baccigalupi A. J. Banday R. B. Barreiro N. Bartolo E. Battaner K. Benabed A. Benoit-Lévy J. Bernard M. Bersanelli P. Bielewicz L. Bonavera J. R. Bond J. Borrill F. R. Bouchet F. Boulanger M. Bucher C. Burigana R. C. Butler E. Calabrese J. -F. Cardoso A. Catalano 1 H. C. Chiang P. R. Christensen L. P. L. Colombo C. Combet 1 F. Couchot 2 B. P. Crill A. Curto F. Cuttaia L. Danese R. J. Davis P. de Bernardis A. de Rosa G. de Zotti J. Delabrouille C. Dickinson J. M. Diego K. Dolag O. Doré A. Ducout X. Dupac F. Elsner T. A. Enßlin H. K. Eriksen K. Ferrière F. Finelli O. Forni M. Frailis A. A. Fraisse E. Franceschi S. Galeotta K. Ganga T. Ghosh M. Giard E. Gjerløw J. González-Nuevo K. M. Górski A. Gregorio A. Gruppuso J. E. Gudmundsson F. K. Hansen D. L. Harrison C. Hernández-Monteagudo D. Herranz S. R. Hildebrandt M. Hobson A. Hornstrup G. Hurier A. H. Jaffe T. R. Jaffe W. C. Jones M. Juvela E. Keihänen R. Keskitalo T. S. Kisner J. Knoche M. Kunz H. Kurki-Suonio J. -M. Lamarre A. Lasenby M. Lattanzi C. R. Lawrence J. P. Leahy R. Leonardi F. Levrier P. B. Lilje M. Linden-Vørnle M. López-Caniego P. M. Lubin J.F. Macías-Pérez 1 G. Maggio D. Maino N. Mandolesi A. Mangilli 2 M. Maris P. G. Martin S. Masi A. Melchiorri A. Mennella M. Migliaccio M. -A. Miville-Deschênes A. Moneti L. Montier G. Morgante D. Munshi J. A. Murphy P. Naselsky F. Nati P. Natoli H. U. Nørgaard-Nielsen N. Oppermann E. Orlando L. Pagano F. Pajot R. Paladini D. Paoletti F. Pasian L. Perotto 1 V. Pettorino F. Piacentini M. Piat E. Pierpaoli Stéphane Plaszczynski 2 E. Pointecouteau G. Polenta N. Ponthieu G. W. Pratt S. Prunet J. -L. Puget J. P. Rachen M. Reinecke M. Remazeilles C. Renault 1 A. Renzi I. Ristorcelli G. Rocha M. Rossetti G. Roudier J. A. Rubiño-Martín B. Rusholme M. Sandri D. Santos 1 M. Savelainen D. Scott L. D. Spencer V. Stolyarov Radek Stompor A. W. Strong R. Sudiwala R. Sunyaev A. -S. Suur-Uski J. -F. Sygnet J. A. Tauber L. Terenzi L. Toffolatti M. Tomasi M. Tristram 2 M. Tucci L. Valenziano J. Valiviita B. van Tent P. Vielva F. Villa L. A. Wade B. D. Wandelt I. K. Wehus D. Yvon A. Zacchei A. Zonca
Abstract : Recent models for the large-scale Galactic magnetic fields in the literature were largely constrained by synchrotron emission and Faraday rotation measures. We select three different but representative models and compare their predicted polarized synchrotron and dust emission with that measured by the Planck satellite. We first update these models to match the Planck synchrotron products using a common model for the cosmic-ray leptons. We discuss the impact on this analysis of the ongoing problems of component separation in the Planck microwave bands and of the uncertain cosmic-ray spectrum. In particular, the inferred degree of ordering in the magnetic fields is sensitive to these systematic uncertainties. We then compare the resulting simulated emission to the observed dust emission and find that the dust predictions do not match the morphology in the Planck data, particularly the vertical profile in latitude. We show how the dust data can then be used to further improve these magnetic field models, particularly in the thin disc of the Galaxy where the dust is concentrated. We demonstrate this for one of the models and present it as a proof of concept for how we will advance these studies in future using complementary information from ongoing and planned observational projects.
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R. Adam, P. A. R. Ade, M. I. R. Alves, M. Ashdown, J. Aumont, et al.. Planck intermediate results. XLII. Large-scale Galactic magnetic fields. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2016, 596, pp.A103. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201528033⟩. ⟨in2p3-01251007⟩

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