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Fusion of Ti-48+Fe-58 and Ni-58+Fe-54 below the Coulomb barrier

Abstract : Background: No data on the fusion excitation function of Ti-48 + Fe-58 in the energy region near the Coulomb barrier existed prior to the present work, while fusion of Ni-58 + Fe-54 was investigated in detail some years ago, down to very low energies, and clear evidence of fusion hindrance was noticed at relatively high cross sections. Ti-48 and Fe-58 are soft and have a low-lying quadrupole excitation lying at approximate to 800-900 keV only. Instead, Ni-58 and Fe-54 have a closed shell (protons and neutrons, respectively) and are rather rigid. Purpose: We aim to investigate (1) the possible influence of the different structures of the involved nuclei on the fusion excitation functions far below the barrier and, in particular, (2) whether hindrance is observed in Ti-48 + Fe-58, and to compare the results with current coupled-channels models. Methods: Ti-48 beams from the XTU Tandem accelerator of INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro were used. The experimental setup was based on an electrostatic beam separator, and fusion-evaporation residues (ERs) were detected at very forward angles. Angular distributions of ERs were measured. Results: Fusion cross sections of Ti-48 + Fe-58 have been obtained in a range of nearly six orders of magnitude around the Coulomb barrier, down to sigma similar or equal to 2 mu b. The sub-barrier cross sections of Ti-48 + Fe-58 are much larger than those of Ni-58 + Fe-54. Significant differences are also observed in the logarithmic derivatives and astrophysical S factors. No evidence of hindrance is observed, because coupled-channels calculations using a standard Woods-Saxon potential are able to reproduce the data in the whole measured energy range. Analogous calculations for Ni-58 + Fe-54 predict clearly too large cross sections at low energies. The two fusion barrier distributions are wide and display a complex structure that is only qualitatively fit by calculations. Conclusions: It is pointed out that all these different trends originate from the dissimilar low-energy nuclear structures of the involved nuclei. In particular, the strong quadrupole excitations in Ti-48 and Fe-58 produce the relative cross section enhancement and make the barrier distribution approximate to 2 MeV wider, thus probably pushing the threshold for hindrance below the measured limit.
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Contributor : Emilie Bonnardel Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, January 8, 2016 - 10:06:34 AM
Last modification on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 9:16:44 AM

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A.M. Stefanini, G. Montagnoli, L. Corradi, S. Courtin, D. Bourgin, et al.. Fusion of Ti-48+Fe-58 and Ni-58+Fe-54 below the Coulomb barrier . Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2015, 92 (6), pp.064607. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevC.92.064607⟩. ⟨in2p3-01252735⟩



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