Analytical mass formula and nuclear surface properties in the ETF approximation. Part I: symmetric nuclei

Abstract : The problem of the determination of the nuclear surface and surface symmetry energy is addressed in the framework of the Extended Thomas Fermi (ETF) approximation using Skyrme functionals. We propose an analytical model for the density profiles with variationally determined diffuseness parameters. For the case of symmetric nuclei, the resulting ETF functional can be exactly integrated, leading to an analytical formula expressing the surface energy as a function of the couplings of the energy functional. The importance of non-local terms is stressed, which cannot be simply deduced from the local part of the functional. In the case of asymmetric nuclei, we propose an approximate expression for the diffuseness and the surface energy. These quantities are analytically related to the parameters of the energy functional. In particular, the influence of the different equation of state parameters can be explicitly quantified. Detailed analyses of the different energy components (local/non-local, isoscalar/isovector, surface/curvature and higher order) are also performed. Our analytical solution of the ETF integral improves over previous models and leads to a precision better than 200 keV per nucleon in the determination of the nuclear binding energy for dripline nuclei.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 18, 2016 - 10:25:46 AM
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F. Aymard, F. Gulminelli, J. Margueron. Analytical mass formula and nuclear surface properties in the ETF approximation. Part I: symmetric nuclei. Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, IOP Publishing, 2016, 43 (4), pp.45105. ⟨10.1088/0954-3899/43/4/045105⟩. ⟨in2p3-01275770⟩

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