Search for violations of Lorentz invariance and $ CPT$ symmetry in $ B^0_{(s)}$ mixing

Abstract : Violations of $ CPT$ symmetry and Lorentz invariance are searched for by studying interference effects in $ B^0$ mixing and in $ B^0_s$ mixing. Samples of $ B^0\to J/\psi K^0_{\mathrm{S}}$ and $ B^0_s\to J/\psi K^+ K^-$ decays are recorded by the LHCb detector in proton--proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb$^{-1}$. No periodic variations of the particle-antiparticle mass differences are found, consistent with Lorentz invariance and $ CPT$ symmetry. Results are expressed in terms of the Standard Model Extension parameter $\Delta a_{\mu}$ with precisions of $ \mathcal{O}(10^{-15})$ and $ \mathcal{O}(10^{-14})$ GeV for the $ B^0$ and $ B^0_s$ systems, respectively. With no assumption on Lorentz (non-)invariance, the $ CPT$-violating parameter $z$ in the $ B^0_s$ system is measured for the first time and found to be $ \mathcal{R}e(z) = -0.022 \pm 0.033 \pm 0.005$ and $ \mathcal{I}m(z) = 0.004 \pm 0.011\pm 0.002$, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 16, 2016 - 11:56:17 AM
Last modification on : Monday, June 3, 2019 - 1:38:03 PM

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R. Aaij, Y. Amhis, S. Barsuk, F. Fleuret, O. Kochebina, et al.. Search for violations of Lorentz invariance and $ CPT$ symmetry in $ B^0_{(s)}$ mixing. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2016, 116, pp.241601. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.241601⟩. ⟨in2p3-01289195⟩

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