Thermodynamic and Structural Investigation of Synthetic Actinide–Peptide Scaffolds

Abstract : The complexation of uranium and europium, in oxidation states +VI and +III, respectively, was investigated with pertinent bio-inorganic systems. Three aspartate-rich pentapeptides with different structural properties were selected for study to rationalize the structure–affinity relationships. Thermodynamic results, crosschecked by both isothermal titration calorimetry and time-resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy, showed different affinity depending on the peptide for both Eu(III) and U(VI). The thermodynamic aspects were correlated to structural predictions, which were acquired by density functional theory quantum chemical calculations and from IR and extended X-ray absorption fine structure experiments. The combination of these microscopic properties revealed that carbonyl–metal interactions affected the entropy in the case of europium, while the larger uranyl cation was mostly affected by preorganization and steric effects, so that the affinity was enhanced through enthalpy. The approach described here revealed various microscopic aspects governing peptide actinide affinity. Highlighting these mechanisms should certainly contribute to the rational synthesis of higher affinity biomimetic aspartic ligands.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 6, 2016 - 11:12:07 AM
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S. Safi, A. Jeanson, J. Roques, P. L. Solari, F. Charnay-Pouget, et al.. Thermodynamic and Structural Investigation of Synthetic Actinide–Peptide Scaffolds. Inorganic Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2016, 55 (2), pp.877-886. ⟨10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02379⟩. ⟨in2p3-01298558⟩

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