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Finite-size effects on the phase diagram of the thermodynamical cluster model

Abstract : The thermodynamical cluster model is known to present a first-order liquid-gas phase transition in the idealized case of an uncharged, infinitely extended medium. However, in most practical applications of this model, the system is finite and charged. In this paper we study how the phase diagram is modified by finite size and Coulomb effects. We show that the thermodynamic anomalies which are associated to the finite-system counterpart of first-order phase transitions are correctly reproduced by this effective model. However, approximations in the calculation of the grand-canonical partition sum prevent obtaining the exact mapping between statistical ensembles which should be associated to finite systems. The ensemble inequivalence associated to the transition persists in the presence of Coulomb effects, but the phase diagram is deeply modified with respect to the simple liquid-gas phase transition characteristic of the neutral system.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 2:49:34 PM
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S. Mallik, F. Gulminelli, G. Chaudhuri. Finite-size effects on the phase diagram of the thermodynamical cluster model. Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2015, 92, pp.064605. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevC.92.064605⟩. ⟨in2p3-01301860v2⟩



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