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Antineutrino emission and gamma background characteristics from a thermal research reactor

Abstract : The detailed understanding of the antineutrino emission from research reactors is mandatory for any high sensitivity experiments either for fundamental or applied neutrino physics, as well as a good control of the gamma and neutron backgrounds induced by the reactor operation. In this article, the antineutrino emission associated to a thermal research reactor: the OSIRIS reactor located in Saclay, France, is computed in a first part. The calculation is performed with the summation method, which sums all the contributions of the beta decay branches of the fission products, coupled for the first time with a complete core model of the OSIRIS reactor core. The MCNP Utility for Reactor Evolution code was used, allowing to take into account the contributions of all beta decayers in-core. This calculation is representative of the isotopic contributions to the antineutrino flux which can be found at research reactors with a standard 19.75\% enrichment in $^{235}$U. In addition, the required off-equilibrium corrections to be applied to converted antineutrino energy spectra of uranium and plutonium isotopes are provided. In a second part, the gamma energy spectrum emitted at the core level is provided and could be used as an input in the simulation of any reactor antineutrino detector installed at such research facilities. Furthermore, a simulation of the core surrounded by the pool and the concrete shielding of the reactor has been developed in order to propagate the emitted gamma rays and neutrons from the core. The origin of these gamma rays and neutrons is discussed and the associated energy spectrum of the photons transported after the concrete walls is displayed.
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Contributor : Sylvie Flores Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 18, 2016 - 2:22:57 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 5, 2021 - 2:42:01 PM

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  • HAL Id : in2p3-01317508, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1602.07522


van Minh Bui, Lydie Giot, Muriel Fallot, V. Communeau, S. Cormon, et al.. Antineutrino emission and gamma background characteristics from a thermal research reactor. 2016. ⟨in2p3-01317508⟩



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