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Study of uranium oxide milling in order to obtain nanostructured UCx target

Abstract : A R&D program is developed at the ALTO facility to provide new beams of exotic neutron-rich nuclei, as intense as possible. In the framework of European projects, it has been shown that the use of refractory targets with nanometric structure allows us to obtain beams of nuclei unreachable until now. The first parameter to be controlled in the processing to obtain targets with a homogeneous nanostructure is the grinding of uranium dioxide, down to 100 nm grain size. In this study, dry and wet grinding routes are studied and the powders are analyzed in terms of phase stabilization, specific surface area and grain morphology. It appears that the grinding, as well dry as wet, leads to the decrease of the particle size. The oxidation of UO2 is observed whatever the grinding. However, the dry grinding is the most efficient and leads to the oxidation of UO2 into U4O9 and U3O7 whose quantities increase with the grinding time while crystallite sizes decrease.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 22, 2016 - 3:34:29 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 5:11:01 PM



J. Guillot, S. Tusseau-Nenez, B. Roussière, N. Barré-Boscher, F. Brisset, et al.. Study of uranium oxide milling in order to obtain nanostructured UCx target. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Elsevier, 2016, 374, pp.116-120. ⟨10.1016/j.nimb.2016.01.004⟩. ⟨in2p3-01336022⟩



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