Amorphisation of boron carbide under slow heavy ion irradiation

D. Gosset 1 S. Miro 2 S. Doriot 1 N. Moncoffre 3
1 SRMA - Service des Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées
DMN - Département des Matériaux pour le Nucléaire : DEN/DMN
2 SRMP - Service de recherches de métallurgie physique
DMN - Département des Matériaux pour le Nucléaire : DEN/DMN
Abstract : Boron carbide B4C is widely used as a neutron absorber in nuclear plants. Most of the post-irradiation examinations have shown that the structure of the material remains crystalline, in spite of very high atomic displacement rates. Here, we have irradiated B4C samples with 4 MeV Au ions with different fluences at room temperature. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy have been performed. The Raman analyses show a high structural disorder at low fluence, around 10−2 displacements per atoms (dpa). However, the TEM observations show that the material remains crystalline up to a few dpa. At high fluence, small amorphous areas a few nanometers large appear in the damaged zone but the long range order is preserved. Moreover, the size and density of the amorphous zones do not significantly grow when the damage increases. On the other hand, full amorphisation is observed in the implanted zone at a Au concentration of about 0.0005. It can be inferred from those results that short range and long range damages arise at highly different fluences, that heavy ions implantation has drastic effects on the structure stability and that in this material self-healing mechanisms are active in the damaged zone.
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Journal articles
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 28, 2016 - 10:04:35 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 4:52:20 PM

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D. Gosset, S. Miro, S. Doriot, N. Moncoffre. Amorphisation of boron carbide under slow heavy ion irradiation. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Elsevier, 2016, 476, pp.198-204. ⟨10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.04.030⟩. ⟨in2p3-01338191⟩

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