Dynamic Reference Electrode development for redox potential measurements in fluoride molten salt at high temperature

Abstract : Measurement of redox potential in fluoride media is a major problem due to the difficulty to design a reference electrode with high stability, high mechanical resistance and high accuracy. In the frame of molten salt reactor studies, a dynamic reference electrode (DRE) is developed to measure redox potential in fluoride molten salt at high temperature. DRE is based on the in-situ generation of a transient redox system. The choice of the redox couple corresponds to the cathodic limit of the molten salt considered. As a preliminary step, the demonstration of feasibility of generating a DRE was done in LiF-NaF-KF (46.5–11.5–42 mol%) media at 500 °C. In this salt, the reference redox system generated by coulometry at applied current is KF/K, metallic potassium being electrodeposited on a tungsten wire electrode. The validation of the DRE response and the experimental optimization parameters for DRE generation were realized by following the NiF2/Ni redox potential evolution as a function of NiF2 concentration in the fused salt. The current value applied for DRE generation was optimized. It depends on the amount of metallic cations contained in the fused salt and which can be electrochemically reduced simultaneously during the DRE generation. The current corresponding to the DRE generation has to be 4 times greater than the current corresponding to the reduction of the other elements.
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Electrochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2016, 195, pp.19-26. 〈10.1016/j.electacta.2016.02.042〉
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Contributeur : Sophie Heurteau <>
Soumis le : jeudi 7 juillet 2016 - 10:50:41
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:12:41

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G. Durán-Klie, D. Rodrigues, S. Delpech. Dynamic Reference Electrode development for redox potential measurements in fluoride molten salt at high temperature. Electrochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2016, 195, pp.19-26. 〈10.1016/j.electacta.2016.02.042〉. 〈in2p3-01342782〉

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