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Kinematic sensitivity to the Fierz term of $\beta$-decay differential spectra

Abstract : The current most stringent constraints on exotic scalar or tensor couplings in neutron and nuclear $\beta$ decay, involving left-handed neutrinos, are obtained from the Fierz interference term. The sensitivity to this term in a correlation coefficient is usually driven by an energy-averaged kinematic factor that increases monotonically toward smaller values of the $\beta$ endpoint energies. We first point out here that this property does not hold for certain differential observables that are directly sensitive to the Fierz term, such as the $\beta$ or the recoil energy spectrum. This observation is relevant for the selection of sensitive transitions in searches for exotic couplings through spectrum shape measurements. We then point out previous errors in the exploitation of measurements of the $\beta-\nu$ angular correlation coefficient and discuss their impact on the extraction of constraints on exotic couplings.
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Contributor : Sylvie Flores Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, July 29, 2016 - 7:49:06 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 8, 2021 - 10:46:09 AM

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M. Gonzalez-Alonso, O. Naviliat-Cuncic. Kinematic sensitivity to the Fierz term of $\beta$-decay differential spectra. Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2016, 94, pp.035503. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevC.94.035503⟩. ⟨in2p3-01349854⟩



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