Estimation of losses in a 300 m filter cavity and quantum noise reduction in the KAGRA gravitational-wave detector

Abstract : The sensitivity of the gravitational-wave detector KAGRA, presently under construction, will be limited by quantum noise in a large fraction of its spectrum. The most promising technique to increase the detector sensitivity is the injection of squeezed states of light, where the squeezing angle is dynamically rotated by a Fabry-Pérot filter cavity. One of the main issues in the filter cavity design and realization is the optical losses due to the mirror surface imperfections. In this work we present a study of the specifications for the mirrors to be used in a 300 m filter cavity for the KAGRA detector. A prototype of the cavity will be constructed at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, inside the infrastructure of the former TAMA interferometer. We also discuss the potential improvement of the KAGRA sensitivity, based on a model of various realistic sources of losses and their influence on the squeezing amplitude.
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Eleonora Capocasa, Matteo Barsuglia, Jérôme Degallaix, Laurent Pinard, Nicolas Straniero, et al.. Estimation of losses in a 300 m filter cavity and quantum noise reduction in the KAGRA gravitational-wave detector. Physical Review D, American Physical Society, 2016, 93, ⟨10.1103/PhysRevD.93.082004⟩. ⟨in2p3-01357290⟩

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