Characterization of LaBr3:Ce and CeBr3 calorimeter modules for 3D imaging in gamma-ray astronomy

A. Gostojic 1 V. Tatischeff 1 J. Kiener 1 C. Hamadache 1 J. Peyre 2 N. Karkour 3 D. Linget 3 L. Gibelin 3 X. Lafay 3 X. Grave 4 N. Dosme 5 E. Legay 5 P. Barrillon 6 Stéphane Blin
2 CSNSM INSTRU
CSNSM - Centre de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière
3 CSNSM ELEC
CSNSM - Centre de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière
5 CSNSM INFOR
CSNSM - Centre de Spectrométrie Nucléaire et de Spectrométrie de Masse
Abstract : For the purpose of future space instrumentation for gamma-ray astronomy, we developed a small prototype of a Compton telescope and studied novel detector modules aimed for Compton imaging. We assembled and tested 2 modules, one with a cerium-doped lanthanum(111) bromide (LaBr3:Ce) crystal and the other with cerium(111) bromide (CeBr3). Both crystals measure 5 x 5 cm(2) in area and are 1 cm thick. They are coupled to and read out by 64-channel multi-anode PMTS. Our goals are to obtain the best possible energy resolution and position resolution in 3D on the first impact of an incident gamma-ray within the detector. Both information are vital for successful reconstruction of a Compton image with the telescope prototype. We developed a test bench to experimentally study both modules and have utilized a customized readout electronics and data acquisition system. Furthermore, we have written a detailed Geant4 simulation of the experiment, and utilize simulated data to train an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) algorithm to create a simplified 3D impact position reconstruction method. We give experimental test results obtained by both modules and present detailed parametrization and results from the Geant4 simulation and from the ANN. We compare and discuss the performance of the modules and conclude by giving a brief overview of the future prospects for using such modules in gamma-ray astronomy. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 31, 2016 - 4:57:21 PM
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A. Gostojic, V. Tatischeff, J. Kiener, C. Hamadache, J. Peyre, et al.. Characterization of LaBr3:Ce and CeBr3 calorimeter modules for 3D imaging in gamma-ray astronomy. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Elsevier, 2016, pp.24-42. ⟨10.1016/j.nima.2016.06.044⟩. ⟨in2p3-01390115⟩

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