The Dipole Repeller

Abstract : In the standard (LCDM) model of cosmology the universe has emerged out of an early homogeneous and isotropic phase. Structure formation is associated with the growth of density irregularities and peculiar velocities. Our Local Group is moving with respect to the cosmic microwave background (CMB) with a velocity 631+/-20 km s-1 and participates in a bulk flow that extends out to distances of at least 20,000 km s-1. Since the discovery of the CMB dipole, the implicit assumption was that excesses in the abundance of galaxies induce the Local Group motion. Yet, underdense regions push as much as overdensities attract but they are deficient of light and consequently difficult to chart. It was suggested a decade ago that an underdensity in the northern hemisphere roughly 15,000 km s-1 away is a significant actor in the local flow. Here we report on kinematic evidence for such an underdensity. We map the large scale 3D velocity field using a Wiener filter reconstruction from the Cosmicflows-2 dataset of peculiar velocities, and identify the attractors and repellers that dominate the local dynamics. We show here that the local flow is dominated by a single attractor -associated with the Shapley Concentration- and a single previously unidentified repeller. Multipole expansion of the local flow provides further support for the existence and role played by the attractor and repeller. The bulk flow (i.e. dipole moment) is closely (anti)aligned with the repeller at a distance of 16,000+/-4,500 km s-1. The expansion eigenvector of the shear tensor (quadrupole moment) is closely aligned with the Shapley Attractor out to 7,000 km s-1. The close alignment of the local bulk flow with the repeller provides further support for its dominant role in shaping the local flow. This Dipole Repeller is predicted to be associated with a void in the distribution of galaxies.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Nature Astronomy, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 1 (2), pp.36. 〈10.1038/s41550-016-0036〉
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Contributeur : Sylvie Flores <>
Soumis le : mercredi 15 février 2017 - 14:58:23
Dernière modification le : jeudi 15 mars 2018 - 15:07:14

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Y. Hoffman, D. Pomarède, R. Brent Tully, H. Courtois. The Dipole Repeller. Nature Astronomy, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 1 (2), pp.36. 〈10.1038/s41550-016-0036〉. 〈in2p3-01468457〉



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