Measurement of antiproton annihilation on Cu, Ag and Au with emulsion films

Abstract : The characteristics of the process of low energy antiproton annihilation on nuclei (e.g. hadronization and product multiplicities) are not well known, and Monte Carlo simulation packages that use different models provide different descriptions of the annihilation events. In this study, we measured the particle multiplicities resulting from antiproton annihilations on nuclei. The results were compared with predictions obtained using different models in simulation tools such as GEANT4 and FLUKA. For this study, we exposed thin targets (Cu, Ag and Au) to a very low energy antiproton beam from CERN's antiproton decelerator, exploiting the secondary beamline available in the AEgIS (AD6) experimental zone. The antiproton annihilation products were detected using emulsion films developed at the Laboratory of High Energy Physics in Bern where they were analysed at the automatic microscope facility. The fragment multiplicity measured in this study is in good agreement with results obtained with FLUKA simulations for both minimally and heavily ionizing particles.
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S. Aghion, C. Amsler, A. Ariga, T. Ariga, G. Bonomi, et al.. Measurement of antiproton annihilation on Cu, Ag and Au with emulsion films. Journal of Instrumentation, IOP Publishing, 2017, 12 (04), pp.P04021. ⟨10.1088/1748-0221/12/04/P04021⟩. ⟨in2p3-01468508⟩

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