Total Absorption Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy of the Beta-Delayed Neutron Emitters 87Br, 88Br and 94Rb

Abstract : We investigate the decay of 87Br, 88Br and 94Rb using total absorption gamma-ray spectroscopy. These important fission products are beta-delayed neutron emitters. Our data show considerable gamma-intensity, so far unobserved in high-resolution gamma-ray spectroscopy, from states at high excitation energy. We also find significant differences with the beta intensity that can be deduced from existing measurements of the beta spectrum. We evaluate the impact of the present data on reactor decay heat using summation calculations. Although the effect is relatively small it helps to reduce the discrepancy between calculations and integral measurements of the photon component for 235U fission at cooling times in the range 1 to 100 s. We also use summation calculations to evaluate the impact of present data on reactor antineutrino spectra. We find a significant effect at antineutrino energies in the range of 5 to 9 MeV. In addition, we observe an unexpected strong probability for gamma emission from neutron unbound states populated in the daughter nucleus. The gamma branching is compared to Hauser-Feshbach calculations which allow one to explain the large value for bromine isotopes as due to nuclear structure. However the branching for 94Rb, although much smaller, hints of the need to increase the radiative width by one order-of-magnitude. This leads to a similar increase in the calculated (n,gamma) cross section for this very neutron-rich nucleus with a potential impact on r-process abundance calculations.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 15, 2017 - 3:59:28 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 2, 2019 - 5:22:01 PM

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E. Valencia, J. L. Tain, A. Algora, J. Agramunt, B. Rubio, et al.. Total Absorption Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy of the Beta-Delayed Neutron Emitters 87Br, 88Br and 94Rb . Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2017, 95 (2), pp.024320. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevC.95.024320⟩. ⟨in2p3-01468605⟩

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