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Effective proton-neutron interaction near the drip line from unbound states in $^{25,26}$F

Abstract : Background: Odd-odd nuclei, around doubly closed shells, have been extensively used to study proton-neutron interactions. However, the evolution of these interactions as a function of the binding energy, ultimately when nuclei become unbound, is poorly known. The $^{26}$F nucleus, composed of a deeply bound $\pi0d_{5/2}$ proton and an unbound $\nu0d_{3/2}$ neutron on top of an $^{24}$O core, is particularly adapted for this purpose. The coupling of this proton and neutron results in a $J^{\pi} = 1^{+}_1 - 4^{+}_1$ multiplet, whose energies must be determined to study the influence of the proximity of the continuum on the corresponding proton-neutron interaction. The $J^{\pi} = 1^{+}_1, 2^{+}_1,4^{+}_1$ bound states have been determined, and only a clear identification of the $J^{\pi} =3^{+}_1$ is missing. Purpose: We wish to complete the study of the $J^{\pi} = 1^{+}_1 - 4^{+}_1$ multiplet in $^{26}$F, by studying the energy and width of the $J^{\pi} =3^{+}_1$ unbound state. The method was firstly validated by the study of unbound states in $^{25}$F, for which resonances were already observed in a previous experiment. Method: Radioactive beams of $^{26}$Ne and $^{27}$Ne, produced at about $440A$\,MeV by the FRagment Separator at the GSI facility, were used to populate unbound states in $^{25}$F and $^{26}$F via one-proton knockout reactions on a CH$_2$ target, located at the object focal point of the R$^3$B/LAND setup. The detection of emitted $\gamma$-rays and neutrons, added to the reconstruction of the momentum vector of the $A-1$ nuclei, allowed the determination of the energy of three unbound states in $^{25}$F and two in $^{26}$F. Results: Based on its width and decay properties, the first unbound state in $^{25}$F is proposed to be a $J^{\pi} = 1/2^-$ arising from a $p_{1/2}$ proton-hole state. In $^{26}$F, the first resonance at 323(33)~keV is proposed to be the $J^{\pi} =3^{+}_1$ member of the $J^{\pi} = 1^{+}_1 - 4^{+}_1$ multiplet. Energies of observed states in $^{25,26}$F have been compared to calculations using the independent-particle shell model, a phenomenological shell-model, and the ab initio valence-space in-medium similarity renormalization group method. Conclusions: The deduced effective proton-neutron interaction is weakened by about 30-40\% in comparison to the models, pointing to the need of implementing the role of the continuum in theoretical descriptions, or to a wrong determination of the atomic mass of $^{26}$F.
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Contributor : Michel Lion Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 25, 2017 - 10:10:21 AM
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M. Vandebrouck, A. Lepailleur, O. Sorlin, T. Aumann, C. Caesar, et al.. Effective proton-neutron interaction near the drip line from unbound states in $^{25,26}$F. Physical Review C, American Physical Society, 2017, 96, pp.054305. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevC.96.054305⟩. ⟨in2p3-01568314⟩



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