The CANDELLE experiment for characterization of neutron sensitivity of LiF TLDs

Abstract : As part of the design studies conducted at CEA for future power and research nuclear reactors, the validation of neutron and photon calculation schemes related to nuclear heating prediction are strongly dependent on the implementation of nuclear heating measurements. Such measurements are usually performed in low-power reactors, whose core dimensions are accurately known and where irradiation conditions (power, flux and temperature) are entirely controlled. Due to the very low operating power of such reactors (of the order of 100 W), nuclear heating is assessed by using dosimetry techniques such as thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs). However, although they are highly sensitive to gamma radiation, such dosimeters are also, to a lesser extent, sensitive to neutrons. The neutron dose depends strongly on the TLD composition, typically contributing to 10-30% of the total measured dose in a mixed neutron/gamma field. The experimental determination of the neutron correction appears therefore to be crucial to a better interpretation of doses measured in reactor with reduced uncertainties. A promising approach based on the use of two types of LiF TLDs respectively enriched with lithium-6 and lithium-7, precalibrated both in photon and neutron fields, has been recently developed at INFN (Milan, Italy) for medical purposes. The CANDELLE experiment is dedicated to the implementation of a pure neutron field “calibration” of TLDs by using the GENEPI-2 neutron source of LPSC (Grenoble, France). Those irradiation conditions allowed providing an early assessment of the neutron components of doses measured in EOLE reactor at CEA Cadarache with 10% uncertainty at 1σ.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 16, 2018 - 9:59:13 AM
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M.Le Guillou, A. Billebaud, A. Gruel, G. Kessedjian, O. Meplan, et al.. The CANDELLE experiment for characterization of neutron sensitivity of LiF TLDs. International Conference on Advancements in Nuclear Instrumentation Measurement Methods and their Applications (ANIMMA 2017), Jun 2017, Liège, Belgium. pp.04014, ⟨10.1051/epjconf/201817004014⟩. ⟨in2p3-01685106⟩

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