Alteration of vitrified intermediate level nuclear waste in alkaline media: effects of cementitious materials, pH and temperature

Abstract : Alteration experiments involving intermediate level nuclear waste (ILW) glass in contact with hardened cement paste (HCP) were performed to assess its behavior under simulated repository conditions. Batch experiments were conducted at 20 °C and 50 °C in several artificial cement pore water (ACW) samples (pH from 10 to 13), in the presence of HCP (CEM-I, CEM-V and low pH), with a ratio of glass surface to volume of solution of 8000 m−1 and a ratio of mass of HCP to volume of solution of 10 g L−1. Glass alteration rates increase up to ∼4 × 10−2 g m−2 d−1 with pH in contact with HCP, notably with CEM-I. This value decreases by 2 orders of magnitude in low pH cement solution and also for residual alteration rates. The effect of calcium on glass alteration was observed, mainly in Ca(OH)2 saturated solution, with an incubation effect on the release of Si in solution. Experimental data were successfully modeled with the PhreeqC geochemical code. Glass and HCP samples were characterized via SEM/EDX and micro-Raman studies. This work showed that vitrified glass exhibits good performance in terms of low alteration rates (∼10−4 g m−2 d−1), the absence of secondary phases, and the formation of a gel layer at the surface, when in contact with low pH conditions (in the presence or absence of low pH HCP).
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Contributor : Tomo Suzuki-Muresan <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 29, 2019 - 3:03:19 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 12, 2019 - 3:34:02 PM

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Tomo Suzuki-Muresan, Abdesselam Abdelouas, Catherine Landesman, Abdel Ait Chaou, Yassine El Mendili, et al.. Alteration of vitrified intermediate level nuclear waste in alkaline media: effects of cementitious materials, pH and temperature. RSC Advances, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2018, 8, pp.37665-37680. ⟨10.1039/C8RA05227A⟩. ⟨in2p3-01998240⟩

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