Comparaison de la micro-tomodensitométrie par comptage de photons et par intégration de charges avec le dispositif d'irradiation PIXSCAN

H. Ouamara 1
1 imXgam
CPPM - Centre de Physique des Particules de Marseille
Abstract : The pathway that has been followed by the imXgam team at CPPM was to adapt the hybrid pixel technology XPAD to biomedical imaging. It is in this context that the micro-CT PIXSCAN II based on the new generation of hybrid pixel detectors called XPAD3 has been developed. This thesis describes the process undertaken to assess the contribution of the hybrid pixel technology in X-ray computed tomography in terms of contrast and dose and to explore new opportunities for biomedical imaging at low doses. Performance evaluation aswell as the validation of the results obtained with data acquired with the detector XPAD3 were compared to results obtained with the CCD camera DALSA XR-4 similar to detectors used in most conventional micro-CT systems. The detector XPAD3 allows to obtain reconstruced images of satisfactory quality close to that of images from the DALSA XR-4 camera, but with a better spatial resolution. At low doses, the images from the detector XPAD3 have a better quality that is those from CCD camera. From an instrumentation point of view, this project demonstrated the proper operations of the device PIXSCAN II for mouse imaging. We were able to reproduce an image quality similar to that obtained with a charge integration detector such as a CCD camera. To improve the performance of the detector XPAD3, we will have to optimize the stability of the thresholds and in order to obtain more homogeneous response curves of the pixels as a function as energy by using a denser sensor such as CdTe.
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H. Ouamara. Comparaison de la micro-tomodensitométrie par comptage de photons et par intégration de charges avec le dispositif d'irradiation PIXSCAN. Ingénierie biomédicale. Aix-Marseille Université, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-00823345⟩

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